Solutions Manual and Test Bank of Intermediate Accounting Kieso Weygandt Warfield 15th edition

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CHAPTER 8

VALUATION OF INVENTORIES:
A COST-BASIS APPROACH

MULTIPLE CHOICE—Conceptual

  21.     Which of the following inventories carried by a manufacturer is similar to the merchandise inventory of a retailer?
a.   Raw materials.
b.   Work-in-process.
c.   Finished goods.
d.   Supplies.

  22.     Where should raw materials be classified on the balance sheet?
a.   Prepaid expenses.
b.   Inventory.
c.   Equipment.
d.   Not on the balance sheet.

  23.     Which of the following accounts is not reported in inventory?
a.   Raw materials.
b.   Equipment.
c.   Finished goods.
d.   Supplies.

  24.     Why are inventories included in the computation of net income?
a.   To determine cost of goods sold.
b.   To determine sales revenue.
c.   To determine merchandise returns.
d.   Inventories are not included in the computation of net income.

  25.     Which of the following is a characteristic of a perpetual inventory system?
a.   Inventory purchases are debited to a Purchases account.
b.   Inventory records are not kept for every item.
c.   Cost of goods sold is recorded with each sale.
d.   Cost of goods sold is determined as the amount of purchases less the change in inventory.


  26.     How is a significant amount of consignment inventory reported in the balance sheet?
a.   The inventory is reported separately on the consignor's balance sheet.
b.   The inventory is combined with other inventory on the consignor's balance sheet.
c.   The inventory is reported separately on the consignee's balance sheet.
d.   The inventory is combined with other inventory on the consignee's balance sheet.

  27.     Where should goods in transit that were recently purchased f.o.b. destination be included on the balance sheet?
a.   Accounts payable.
b.   Inventory.
c.   Equipment.
d.   Not on the balance sheet.

  28.     If a company uses the periodic inventory system, what is the impact on net income of including goods in transit f.o.b. shipping point in purchases, but not ending inventory?
a.   Overstate net income.
b.   Understate net income.
c.   No effect on net income.
d.   Not sufficient information to determine effect on net income.

  29.     If a company uses the periodic inventory system, what is the impact on the current ratio of including goods in transit f.o.b. shipping point in purchases, but not ending inventory?
a.   Overstate the current ratio.
b.   Understate the current ratio.
c.   No effect on the current ratio.
d.   Not sufficient information to determine effect on the current ratio.

  30.     What is consigned inventory?
a.   Goods that are shipped, but title transfers to the receiver.
b.   Goods that are sold, but payment is not required until the goods are sold.
c.   Goods that are shipped, but title remains with the shipper.
d.   Goods that have been segregated for shipment to a customer.

  31.     When using a perpetual inventory system,
a.   no Purchases account is used.
b.   a Cost of Goods Sold account is used.
c.   two entries are required to record a sale.
d.   all of these.

  32.     Goods in transit which are shipped f.o.b. shipping point should be
a.   included in the inventory of the seller.
b.   included in the inventory of the buyer.
c.   included in the inventory of the shipping company.
d.   none of these.

  33.     Goods in transit which are shipped f.o.b. destination should be
a.   included in the inventory of the seller.
b.   included in the inventory of the buyer.
c.   included in the inventory of the shipping company.
d.   none of these.

  34.     Which of the following items should be included in a company's inventory at the balance sheet date?
a.   Goods in transit which were purchased f.o.b. destination.
b.   Goods received from another company for sale on consignment.
c.   Goods sold to a customer which are being held for the customer to call for at his or her convenience.
d.   None of these.

Use the following information for questions 35 and 36.
During 2012 Carne Corporation transferred inventory to Nolan Corporation and agreed to repurchase the merchandise early in 2013. Nolan then used the inventory as collateral to borrow from Norwalk Bank, remitting the proceeds to Carne. In 2013 when Carne repurchased the inventory, Nolan used the proceeds to repay its bank loan.

  35.     This transaction is known as a(n)
a.   consignment.
b.   installment sale.
c.   assignment for the benefit of creditors.
d.   product financing arrangement.

  36.     On whose books should the cost of the inventory appear at the December 31, 2012 balance sheet date?
a.   Carne Corporation
b.   Nolan Corporation
c.   Norwalk Bank
d.   Nolan Corporation, with Carne making appropriate note disclosure of the transaction

  37.     Goods on consignment are
a.   included in the consignee's inventory.
b.   recorded in a Consignment Out account which is an inventory account.
c.   recorded in a Consignment In account which is an inventory account.
d.   all of these

S38.     Valuation of inventories requires the determination of all of the following except
a.   the costs to be included in inventory.
b.   the physical goods to be included in inventory.
c.   the cost of goods held on consign­ment from other companies.
d.   the cost flow assumption to be adopted.

P39.     The accountant for the Pryor Sales Company is preparing the income statement for 2012 and the balance sheet at December 31, 2012. Pryor uses the periodic inventory system. The January 1, 2012 merchandise inventory balance will appear
a.   only as an asset on the balance sheet.
b.   only in the cost of goods sold section of the income statement.
c.   as a deduction in the cost of goods sold section of the income statement and as a current asset on the balance sheet.
d.   as an addition in the cost of goods sold section of the income statement and as a current asset on the balance sheet.


P40.     If the beginning inventory for 2012 is overstated, the effects of this error on cost of goods sold for 2012, net income for 2012, and assets at December 31, 2013, respectively, are
a.   overstatement, understatement, overstatement.
b.   overstatement, understatement, no effect.
c.   understatement, overstatement, overstatement.
d.   understatement, overstatement, no effect.

S41.     The failure to record a purchase of mer­chandise on account even though the goods are properly included in the physical inven­tory results in
a.   an overstatement of assets and net income.
b.   an understatement of assets and net income.
c.   an understatement of cost of goods sold and liabilities and an overstatement of assets.
d.   an understatement of liabilities and an overstatement of owners' equity.

  42.     Dolan Co. received merchandise on consignment. As of March 31, Dolan had recorded the transaction as a purchase and included the goods in inventory. The effect of this on its financial statements for March 31 would be
a.   no effect.
b.   net income was correct and current assets and current liabilities were overstated.
c.   net income, current assets, and current liabilities were overstated.
d.   net income and current liabilities were overstated.

  43.     Green Co. received merchandise on consignment. As of January 31, Green included the goods in inventory, but did not record the transaction. The effect of this on its financial statements for January 31 would be
a.   net income, current assets, and retained earnings were overstated.
b.   net income was correct and current assets were understated.
c.   net income and current assets were overstated and current liabilities were understated.
d.   net income, current assets, and retained earnings were understated.

  44.     Feine Co. accepted delivery of merchandise which it purchased on account. As of December 31, Feine had recorded the transaction, but did not include the merchandise in its inventory. The effect of this on its financial statements for December 31 would be
a.   net income, current assets, and retained earnings were understated.
b.   net income was correct and current assets were understated.
c.   net income was understated and current liabilities were overstated.
d.   net income was overstated and current assets were understated.

  45.     On June 15, 2012, Wynne Corporation accepted delivery of merchandise which it pur-chased on account. As of June 30, Wynne had not recorded the transaction or included the merchandise in its inventory. The effect of this on its balance sheet for June 30, 2012 would be
a.   assets and stockholders' equity were overstated but liabilities were not affected.
b.   stockholders' equity was the only item affected by the omission.
c.   assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equity were understated.
d.   none of these.


  46.     What is the effect of a $50,000 overstatement of last year's inventory on current years ending retained earning balance?
a.   Understated by $50,000.
b.   No effect.
c.   Overstated by $50,000.
d.   Need more information to determine.

  47.     Which of the following is a product cost as it relates to inventory?
a.   Selling costs.
b.   Interest costs.
c.   Raw materials.
d.   Abnormal spoilage.

  48.     Which of the following is a period cost?
a.   Labor costs.
b.   Freight in.
c.   Production costs.
d.   Selling costs.

  49.     Which method may be used to record cash discounts a company receives for paying suppliers promptly?
a.   Net method.
b.   Gross method.
c.   Average method.
d.   a and b.

  50.     Which of the following is included in inventory costs?
a.   Product costs.
b.   Period costs.
c.   Product and period costs.
d.   Neither product or period costs.

  51.     Which of the following is correct?
a.   Selling costs are product costs.
b.   Manufacturing overhead costs are product costs.
c.   Interest costs for routine inventories are product costs.
d.   All of these.

  52.     All of the following costs should be charged against revenue in the period in which costs are incurred except for
a.   manufacturing overhead costs for a product manufactured and sold in the same accounting period.
b.   costs which will not benefit any future period.
c.   costs from idle manufacturing capacity resulting from an unexpected plant shutdown.
d.   costs of normal shrinkage and scrap incurred for the manufacture of a product in ending inventory.


  53.     Which of the following types of interest cost incurred in connection with the purchase or manufacture of inventory should be capitalized as a product cost?
a.   Purchase discounts lost
b.   Interest incurred during the production of discrete projects such as ships or real estate projects
c.   Interest incurred on notes payable to vendors for routine purchases made on a  repetitive basis
d.   All of these should be capitalized.

  54.     The use of a Discounts Lost account implies that the recorded cost of a purchased inventory item is its
a.   invoice price.
b.   invoice price plus the purchase discount lost.
c.   invoice price less the purchase discount taken.
d.   invoice price less the purchase discount allowable whether taken or not.

  55.     The use of a Purchase Discounts account implies that the recorded cost of a purchased inventory item is its
a.   invoice price.
b.   invoice price plus any purchase discount lost.
c.   invoice price less the purchase discount taken.
d.   invoice price less the purchase discount allowable whether taken or not.

Use the following information for questions 56 and 57.

During 2012, which was the first year of operations, Oswald Company had merchandise purchases of $985,000 before cash discounts.  All purchases were made on terms of 2/10, n/30.  Three-fourths of the items purchased were paid for within 10 days of purchase.  All of the goods available had been sold at year end.

  56.     Which of the following recording procedures would result in the highest cost of goods sold for 2012?
1.   Recording purchases at gross amounts
2. Recording purchases at net amounts, with the amount of discounts not taken shown under "other expenses" in the income statement
a. 1
b.   2
c.   Either 1 or 2  will result in the same cost of goods sold.
d.   Cannot be determined from the information provided.

  57.     Which of the following recording procedures would result in the highest net income for 2012?
1. Recording purchases at gross amounts
2.   Recording purchases at net amounts, with the amount of discounts not taken shown under "other expenses" in the income statement
a.   1
b.   2
c.   Either 1 or 2 will result in the same net income.
d.   Cannot be determined from the information provided.


  58.     When using the periodic inventory system, which of the following generally would not be separately accounted for in the computation of cost of goods sold?
a.   Trade discounts applicable to purchases during the period
b.   Cash (purchase) discounts taken during the period
c.   Purchase returns and allowances of merchandise during the period
d.   Cost of transportation-in for merchandise purchased during the period

S59.     Costs which are inventoriable include all of the following except
a.   costs that are directly connected with the bringing of goods to the place of business of the buyer.
b.   costs that are directly connected with the converting of goods to a salable condition.
c.   buying costs of a purchasing department.
d.   selling costs of a sales department.

P60.     Which inventory costing method most closely approximates current cost for each of the following:
        Ending Inventory       Cost of Goods Sold
a.              FIFO                            FIFO
b.              FIFO                            LIFO
c.              LIFO                            FIFO
d.              LIFO                            LIFO

  61.     In situations where there is a rapid turnover, an inventory method which produces a balance sheet valuation similar to the first-in, first-out method is
a.   average cost.
b.   base stock.
c.   joint cost.
d.   prime cost.

  62.     The pricing of issues from inventory must be deferred until the end of the accounting period under the following method of inventory valuation:
a.   moving average.
b.   weighted-average.
c.   LIFO perpetual.
d.   FIFO.

  63.     An inventory pricing procedure in which the oldest costs incurred rarely have an effect on the ending inventory valuation is
a.   FIFO.
b.   LIFO.
c.   base stock.
d.   weighted-average.

  64.     Which method of inventory pricing best approximates specific identification of the actual flow of costs and units in most manufacturing situations?
a.   Average cost
b.   First-in, first-out
c.   Last-in, first-out
d.   Base stock

  65.     Assuming no beginning inventory, what can be said about the trend of inventory prices if cost of goods sold computed when inventory is valued using the FIFO method exceeds cost of goods sold when inventory is valued using the LIFO method?
a.   Prices decreased.
b.   Prices remained unchanged.
c.   Prices increased.
d.   Price trend cannot be determined from information given.

  66.     In a period of rising prices, the inventory method which tends to give the highest reported net income is
a.   base stock.
b.   first-in, first-out.
c.   last-in, first-out.
d.   weighted-average.

  67.     In a period of rising prices, the inventory method which tends to give the highest reported inventory is
a.   FIFO.
b.   moving average.
c.   LIFO.
d.   weighted-average.

  68.     Tanner Corporation's inventory cost on its balance sheet was lower using first-in, first-out than it would have been using last-in, first-out.  Assuming no beginning inventory, in what direction did the cost of purchases move during the period?
a.   Up
b.   Down
c.   Steady
d.   Cannot be determined

  69.     In a period of rising prices, the inventory method which tends to give the highest reported cost of goods sold is
a.   FIFO.
b.   average cost.
c.   LIFO.
d.   none of these.

  70.     Which of the following statements is not valid as it applies to inventory costing methods?
a.   If inventory quantities are to be maintained, part of the earnings must be invested (plowed back) in inventories when FIFO is used during a period of rising prices.
b.   LIFO tends to smooth out the net income pattern by matching current cost of goods sold with current revenue, when inventories remain at constant quantities.
c.   When a firm using the LIFO method fails to maintain its usual inventory position (reduces stock on hand below customary levels), there may be a matching of old costs with current revenue.
d.   The use of FIFO permits some control by management over the amount of net income for a period through controlled purchases, which is not true with LIFO.


  71.     The acquisition cost of a certain raw material changes frequently. The book value of the inventory of this material at year end will be the same if perpetual records are kept as it would be under a periodic inventory method only if the book value is computed under the
a.   weighted-average method.
b.   moving average method.
c.   LIFO method.
d.   FIFO method.

  72.     Which of the following is a reason why the specific identification method may be considered ideal for assigning costs to inventory and cost of goods sold?
a.   The potential for manipulation of net income is reduced.
b.   There is no arbitrary allocation of costs.
c.   The cost flow matches the physical flow.
d.   Able to use on all types of inventory.

  73.     In a period of rising prices which inventory method generally provides the greatest amount of net income?
a.   Average cost.
b.   FIFO.
c.   LIFO.
d.   Specific identification.

  74.     In a period of falling prices, which inventory method generally provides the greatest amount of net income?
a.   Average cost.
b.   FIFO.
c.   LIFO.
d.   Specific identification.

  75.     What is a LIFO reserve?
a.   The difference between the LIFO inventory and the amount used for internal reporting purposes.
b.   The tax savings attributed to using the LIFO method.
c.   The current effect of using LIFO on net income.
d.   Change in the LIFO inventory during the year.

  76.     When a company uses LIFO for external reporting purposes and FIFO for internal reporting purposes, an Allowance to Reduce Inventory to LIFO account is used. This account should be reported
a.   on the income statement in the Other Revenues and Gains section.
b.   on the income statement in the Cost of Goods Sold section.
c.   on the income statement in the Other Expenses and Losses section.
d.   on the balance sheet in the Current Assets section.

  77.     What happens when inventory in base year dollars decreases?
a.   LIFO reserve increases.
b.   LIFO layer is created.
c.   LIFO layer is liquidated.
d.   LIFO price index decreases.


  78.     How might a company obtain a price index in order to apply dollar-value LIFO?
a.   Calculate an index based on recent inventory purchases.
b.   Use a general price level index published by the government.
c.   Use a price index prepared by an industry group.
d.   All of the above.

  79.     In the context of dollar-value LIFO, what is a LIFO layer?
a.   The difference between the LIFO inventory and the amount used for internal reporting purposes.
b.   The LIFO value of the inventory for a given year.
c.   The inventory in base year dollars.
d.   The LIFO value of an increase in the inventory for a given year.

S80.     Which of the following statements is not true as it relates to the dollar-value LIFO inven­tory method?
a.   It is easier to erode LIFO layers using dollar-value LIFO techniques than it is with specific goods pooled LIFO.
b.   Under the dollar-value LIFO method, it is possible to have the entire inventory in only one pool.
c.   Several pools are commonly employed in using the dollar-value LIFO inventory method.
d.   Under dollar-value LIFO, increases and decreases in a pool are determined and measured in terms of total dollar value, not physical quantity.

S81.     Which of the following is not considered an advantage of LIFO when prices are rising?
a.   The inventory will be overstated.
b.   The more recent costs are matched against current revenues.
c.   There will be a deferral of income tax.
d.   A company's future reported earnings will not be affected substantially by future price declines.

  82.     Which of the following is true regarding the use of LIFO for inventory valuation?
a.   If LIFO is used for external financial reporting, then it must also be used for internal reports.
b.   For purposes of external financial reporting, LIFO may not be used with the lower of cost or market approach.
c.   If LIFO is used for external financial reporting, then it cannot be used for tax purposes.
d.   None of these.

  83.     If inventory levels are stable or increasing, an argument which is not an advantage of the LIFO method as compared to FIFO is
a.   income taxes tend to be reduced in periods of rising prices.
b.   cost of goods sold tends to be stated at approximately current cost on the income statement.
c.   cost assignments typically parallel the physical flow of goods.
d.   income tends to be smoothed as prices change over time.



MULTIPLE CHOICE—Computational

  84.     Morgan Manufacturing Company has the following account balances at year end:
Office supplies                                             $  4,000
Raw materials                                                  27,000
Work-in-process                                              59,000
Finished goods                                                82,000
Prepaid insurance                                              6,000
What amount should Morgan report as inventories in its balance sheet?
a.   $82,000.
b.   $86,000.
c.   $168,000.
d.   $172,000.

  85.     Lawson Manufacturing Company has the following account balances at year end:
Office supplies                                             $  4,000
Raw materials                                                  27,000
Work-in-process                                              59,000
Finished goods                                                97,000
Prepaid insurance                                              6,000
What amount should Lawson report as inventories in its balance sheet?
a.   $97,000.
b.   $101,000.
c.   $183,000.
d.   $187,000.


  86.     Elkins Corporation uses the perpetual inventory method. On March 1, it purchased $20,000 of inventory, terms 2/10, n/30. On March 3, Elkins returned goods that cost $2,000. On March 9, Elkins paid the supplier. On March 9, Elkins should credit
a.   purchase discounts for $400.
b.   inventory for $400.
c.   purchase discounts for $360.
d.   inventory for $360.

  87.     Malone Corporation uses the perpetual inventory method. On March 1, it purchased $50,000 of inventory, terms 2/10, n/30. On March 3, Malone returned goods that cost $5,000. On March 9, Malone paid the supplier. On March 9, Malone should credit
a.   purchase discounts for $1,000.
b.   inventory for $1,000.
c.   purchase discounts for $900.
d.   inventory for $900.

  88.     Bell Inc. took a physical inventory at the end of the year and determined that $780,000 of goods were on hand. In addition, Bell, Inc. determined that $60,000 of goods that were in transit that were shipped f.o.b. shipping point were actually received two days after the inventory count and that the company had $90,000 of goods out on consignment. What amount should Bell report as inventory at the end of the year?
a.   $780,000.
b.   $840,000.
c.   $870,000.
d.   $930,000.

  89.     Bell Inc. took a physical inventory at the end of the year and determined that $760,000 of goods were on hand. In addition, the following items were not included in the physical count. Bell, Inc. determined that $96,000 of goods were in transit that were shipped f.o.b. destination (goods were actually received by the company three days after the inventory count).The company sold $40,000 worth of inventory f.o.b. destination. What amount should Bell report as inventory at the end of the year?
a.   $760,000.
b.   $856,000.
c.   $800,000.
d.   $896,000.

  90.     Risers Inc. reported total assets of $1,800,000 and net income of $200,000 for the current year. Risers determined that inventory was overstated by $15,000 at the beginning of the year (this was not corrected). What is the corrected amount for total assets and net income for the year?
a.   $1,800,000 and $200,000.
b.   $1,800,000 and $215,000.
c.   $1,785,000 and $185,000.
d.   $1,815,000 and $215,000.


  91.     Risers Inc. reported total assets of $3,200,000 and net income of $170,000 for the current year. Risers determined that inventory was understated by $46,000 at the beginning of the year and $20,000 at the end of the year. What is the corrected amount for total assets and net income for the year?
a.   $3,220,000 and $190,000.
b.   $3,180,000 and $196,000.
c.   $3,220,000 and $144,000.
d.   $3,200,000 and $170,000.

Use the following information for questions 92 through 94.

Hudson, Inc. is a calendar-year corporation.  Its financial statements for the years 2013 and 2012 contained errors as follows:
                                                                                   2013                                          2012         
Ending inventory                                       $4,500 overstated                   $12,000 overstated
Depreciation expense                               $3,000 understated                 $9,000 overstated

  92.     Assume that the proper correcting entries were made at December 31, 2012. By how much will 2013 income before taxes be overstated or understated?
a.   $1,500 understated
b.   $1,500 overstated
c.   $3,000 overstated
d.   $7,500 overstated

  93.     Assume that no correcting entries were made at December 31, 2012. Ignoring income taxes, by how much will retained earnings at December 31, 2013 be overstated or understated?
a.   $1,500 understated
b.   $7,500 overstated
c.   $7,500 understated
d.   $13,500 understated

  94.     Assume that no correcting entries were made at December 31, 2012, or December 31, 2013 and that no additional errors occurred in 2014. Ignoring income taxes, by how much will working capital at December 31, 2014 be overstated or understated?
a.   $0
b.   $3,000 overstated
c.   $3,000 understated
d.   $7,500 understated

  95.     The following information is available for Naab Company for 2012:
Freight-in                                                                $  30,000
Purchase returns                                                         75,000
Selling expenses                                                        200,000
Ending inventory                                                        260,000
The cost of goods sold is equal to 400% of selling expenses.  What is the cost of goods available for sale?
a.   $800,000.
b.   $1,090,000.
c.   $1,015,000.
d.   $1,060,000.
Use the following information for questions 96 and 97.
Winsor Co. records purchases at net amounts. On May 5 Winsor purchased merchandise on account, $20,000, terms 2/10, n/30. Winsor returned $1,500 of the May 5 purchase and received credit on account. At May 31 the balance had not been paid.

  96.     The amount to be recorded as a purchase return is
a.   $1,350.
b.   $1,530
c.   $1,500.
d.   $1,470.

  97.     By how much should the account payable be adjusted on May 31?
a.   $0.
b.   $430.
c.   $400.
d.   $370.

Use the following information for questions 98 and 99.

The following information was available from the inventory records of Rich Company for January:

                                                                                       Units           Unit Cost    Total Cost
Balance at January 1                                                     3,000               $9.77           $29,310
      Purchases:
            January 6                                                           2,000               10.30             20,600
            January 26                                                         2,700               10.71             28,917

      Sales:
            January 7                                                          (2,500)
            January 31                                                        (4,300)
Balance at January 31                                                  900

  98.     Assuming that Rich does not maintain perpetual inventory records, what should be the inventory at January 31, using the weighted-average inventory method, rounded to the nearest dollar?
a.   $9,454.
b.   $9,213.
c.   $9,234.
d.   $9,324.

  99.     Assuming that Rich maintains perpetual inventory records, what should be the inventory at January 31, using the moving-average inventory method, rounded to the nearest dollar?
a.   $9,454.
b.   $9,213.
c.   $9,234.
d.   $9,324.


Use the following information for questions 100 and 101.

Niles Co. has the following data related to an item of inventory:
Inventory, March 1                                                       100 units @ $2.10
Purchase, March 7                                                     350 units @ $2.20
Purchase, March 16                                                     70 units @ $2.25
Inventory, March 31                                                     130 units

100.     The value assigned to ending inventory if Niles uses LIFO is
a.   $290.
b.   $276.
c.   $273.
d.   $292.

101.     The value assigned to cost of goods sold if Niles uses FIFO is
a.   $290.
b.   $276.
c.   $862.
d.   $848.

102.    Emley Company has been using the LIFO method of inventory valuation for 10 years, since it began operations. Its 2012 ending inventory was $60,000, but it would have been $90,000 if FIFO had been used. Thus, if FIFO had been used, Emley's income before income taxes would have been
a.   $30,000 greater over the 10-year period.
b.   $30,000 less over the 10-year period.
c.   $30,000 greater in 2012.
d.   $30,000 less in 2012.

Use the following information for questions 103 through 106.
Transactions for the month of June were:
                                   Purchases                                                       Sales               
                       June  1        (balance) 1,200 @ $3.20                 June  2         900 @ $5.50
                                  3                      3,300 @   3.10                            6    2,400 @   5.50
                                  7                      1,800 @   3.30                            9    1,500 @   5.50
                                15                      2,700 @   3.40                          10       600 @   6.00
                                22                         750 @   3.50                          18    2,100 @   6.00
                                                                                                              25       300 @   6.00

103.     Assuming that perpetual inventory records are kept in units only, the ending inventory on a LIFO basis is
a.   $6,165.
b.   $6,240.
c.   $6,435.
d.   $6,705.

104.     Assuming that perpetual inventory records are kept in dollars, the ending inventory on a LIFO basis is
a.   $6,165.
b.   $6,240.
c.   $6,435.
d.   $6,705.
105.     Assuming that perpetual inventory records are kept in dollars, the ending inventory on a FIFO basis is
a.   $6,165.
b.   $6,240.
c.   $6,435.
d.   $6,705.

106.    Assuming that perpetual inventory records are kept in units only, the ending inventory on an average-cost basis, rounded to the nearest dollar, is
a.   $6,144.
b.   $6,357.
c.   $6,435.
d.   $6,483.

107.     Milford Company had 500 units of “Tank” in its inventory at a cost of $4 each. It purchased, for $2,800, 300 more units of “Tank”. Milford then sold 400 units at a selling price of $10 each, resulting in a gross profit of $1,600. The cost flow assumption used by Johnson
a.   is FIFO.
b.   is LIFO.
c.   is weighted average.
d.   cannot be determined from the information given.

108.     Nichols Company had 500 units of “Dink” in its inventory at a cost of $5 each. It purchased, for $2,400, 300 more units of “Dink”. Nichols then sold 600 units at a selling price of $10 each, resulting in a gross profit of $2,100. The cost flow assumption used by Nichols.
a.   is FIFO.
b.   is LIFO.
c.   is weighted average.
d.   cannot be determined from the information given.

109.     June Corp. sells one product and uses a perpetual inventory system. The beginning inventory consisted of 20 units that cost $20 per unit. During the current month, the company purchased 120 units at $20 each. Sales during the month totaled 90 units for $43 each. What is the number of units in the ending inventory?
a.   20 units.
b.   30 units.
c.   50 units.
d.   140 units.

110.     June Corp. sells one product and uses a perpetual inventory system. The beginning inventory consisted of 20 units that cost $20 per unit. During the current month, the company purchased 120 units at $20 each. Sales during the month totaled 90 units for $43 each. What is the cost of goods sold using the LIFO method?
a.   $400.
b.   $1,800.
c.   $2,400.
d.   $3,870.


111.     Checkers uses the periodic inventory system. For the current month, the beginning inventory consisted of 2,400 units that cost $12 each. During the month, the company made two purchases: 1,000 units at $13 each and 4,000 units at $13.50 each. Checkers also sold 4,300 units during the month. Using the average cost method, what is the amount of cost of goods sold for the month?
a.   $55,685.
b.   $57,900.
c.   $53,950.
d.   $55,900.

112.     Chess Top uses the periodic inventory system. For the current month, the beginning inventory consisted of 300 units that cost $65 each. During the month, the company made two purchases: 450 units at $68 each and 225 units at $70 each. Chess Top also sold 750 units during the month. Using the average cost method, what is the amount of ending inventory?
a.   $15,750.
b.   $50,655.
c.   $50,100.
d.   $15,197.

113.     Checkers uses the periodic inventory system. For the current month, the beginning inventory consisted of 2,400 units that cost $12 each. During the month, the company made two purchases: 1,000 units at $13 each and 4,000 units at $13.50 each. Checkers also sold 4,300 units during the month. Using the FIFO method, what is the ending inventory?
a.   $40,146.
b.   $37,200.
c.   $41,850.
d.   $37,900.

114.     Chess Top uses the periodic inventory system. For the current month, the beginning inventory consisted of 300 units that cost $65 each. During the month, the company made two purchases: 450 units at $68 each and 225 units at $70 each. Chess Top also sold 750 units during the month. Using the FIFO method, what is the amount of cost of goods sold for the month?
a.   $50,655.
b.   $48,750.
c.   $51,225.
d.   $50,100.

115.     Checkers uses the periodic inventory system. For the current month, the beginning inventory consisted of 2,400 units that cost $12 each. During the month, the company made two purchases: 1,000 units at $13 each and 4,000 units at $13.50 each. Checkers also sold 4,300 units during the month. Using the LIFO method, what is the ending inventory?
a.   $40,146.
b.   $37,200.
c.   $41,850.
d.   $37,900.


116.     Chess Top uses the periodic inventory system. For the current month, the beginning inventory consisted of 300 units that cost $65 each. During the month, the company made two purchases: 450 units at $68 each and 225 units at $70 each. Chess Top also sold 750 units during the month. Using the LIFO method, what is the amount of cost of goods sold for the month?
a.   $50,655.
b.   $48,750.
c.   $51,225.
d.   $50,100.

117.     Black Corporation uses the FIFO method for internal reporting purposes and LIFO for external reporting purposes. The balance in the LIFO Reserve account at the end of 2012 was $100,000. The balance in the same account at the end of 2013 is $150,000. Black’s Cost of Goods Sold account has a balance of $750,000 from sales transactions recorded during the year. What amount should Black report as Cost of Goods Sold in the 2013 income statement?
a.   $700,000.
b.   $750,000.
c.   $800,000.
d.   $900,000.

118.     White Corporation uses the FIFO method for internal reporting purposes and LIFO for external reporting purposes. The balance in the LIFO Reserve account at the end of 2012 was $120,000. The balance in the same account at the end of 2013 is $180,000. White’s Cost of Goods Sold account has a balance of $900,000 from sales transactions recorded during the year. What amount should White report as Cost of Goods Sold in the 2013 income statement?
a.   $840,000.
b.   $900,000.
c.   $960,000.
d.   $1,080,000.

119.     Milford Company had 400 units of “Tank” in its inventory at a cost of $8 each. It purchased 600 more units of “Tank” at a cost of $12 each. Milford then sold 700 units at a selling price of $20 each. The LIFO liquidation overstated normal gross profit by
a.   $  -0-
b.   $400.
c.   $800.
d.   $1,200.

120.     Nichols Company had 400 units of “Dink” in its inventory at a cost of $10 each. It purchased 600 more units of “Dink” at a cost of $15 each. Nichols then sold 700 units at a selling price of $25 each. The LIFO liquidation overstated normal gross profit by
a.   $  -0-
b.   $500.
c.   $1,000.
d.   $1,500.


Use the following information for 121 and 122

RF Company had January 1 inventory of $150,000 when it adopted dollar-value LIFO. During the year, purchases were $900,000 and sales were $1,500,000. December 31 inventory at year-end prices was $215,040, and the price index was 112.

121.     What is RF Company’s ending inventory?
a.   $150,000.
b.   $192,000.
c.   $197,040.
d.   $215,040.

122.     What is RF Company’s gross profit?
a.   $642,000.
b.   $647,040.
c.   $665,190.
d.   $1,302,960.

Use the following information for 123 and 124

Hay Company had January 1 inventory of $120,000 when it adopted dollar-value LIFO. During the year, purchases were $720,000 and sales were $1,200,000. December 31 inventory at year-end prices was $151,800, and the price index was 110.

123.     What is Hay Company’s ending inventory?
a.   $132,000.
b.   $138,000.
c.   $139,800.
d.   $151,800.

124.     What is Hay Company’s gross profit?
a.   $498,000.
b.   $499,800.
c.   $511,800.
d.   $1,060,200.

Use the following information for questions 125 through 127.
Gross Corporation adopted the dollar-value LIFO method of inventory valuation on December 31, 2011. Its inventory at that date was $440,000 and the relevant price index was 100. Information regarding inventory for subsequent years is as follows:
                                             Inventory at           Current
            Date                      Current Prices           Price Index
December 31, 2012             $513,600                       107
December 31, 2013               580,000                       125
December 31, 2014               650,000                       130

125.     What is the cost of the ending inventory at December 31, 2012 under dollar-value LIFO?
a.   $480,000.
b.   $513,600.
c.   $482,800.
d.   $470,800.
126.     What is the cost of the ending inventory at December 31, 2013 under dollar-value LIFO?
a.   $464,000.
b.   $462,800.
c.   $465,680.
d.   $480,000.

127.     What is the cost of the ending inventory at December 31, 2014 under dollar-value LIFO?
a.   $512,480.
b.   $509,600.
c.   $500,000.
d.   $526,800.

128.     Wise Company adopted the dollar-value LIFO method on January 1, 2012, at which time its inventory consisted of 6,000 units of Item A @ $5.00 each and 3,000 units of Item B @ $16.00 each. The inventory at December 31, 2012 consisted of 12,000 units of Item A and 7,000 units of Item B. The most recent actual purchases related to these items were as follows:
                                                                                 Quantity
                     Items              Purchase Date          Purchased           Cost Per Unit
            A                      12/7/12                        2,000                    $ 6.00
            A                      12/11/12                    10,000                       5.75
            B                      12/15/12                      7,000                     17.00
            Using the double-extension method, what is the price index for 2012 that should be computed by Wise Company?
a.   108.33%
b.   109.59%
c.   111.05%
d.   220.51%

129.     Web World began using dollar-value LIFO for costing its inventory last year. The base year layer consists of $350,000. Assuming the current inventory at end of year prices equals $483,000 and the index for the current year is 1.10, what is the ending inventory using dollar-value LIFO?
a.   $483,000.
b.   $448,000.
c.   $439,091.
d.   $531,300.

130.     Willy World began using dollar-value LIFO for costing its inventory two years ago. The ending inventory for the past two years in end-of-year dollars was $120,000 and $180,000 and the year-end price indices were 1.0 and 1.2, respectively. Assuming the current inventory at end of year prices equals $258,000 and the index for the current year is 1.25, what is the ending inventory using dollar-value LIFO?
a.   $213,000.
b.   $223,680.
c.   $228,000.
d.   $226,500.


131.     Opera Corp. uses the dollar-value LIFO method of computing its inventory cost. Data for the past four years is as follows:

                                    Year ended                        Inventory at                        Price
                                  December 31.               End-of-year Prices                  Index
                                   2011                             $130,000                           1.00
                                        2012                                 252,000                           1.05
                                        2013                                 270,000                           1.10
            What is the 2011 inventory balance using dollar-value LIFO?
a.   $130,000.
b.   $123,808.
c.   $245,454.
d.   $270,000.

132.     Opera Corp. uses dollar-value LIFO method of computing its inventory cost. Data for the past four years is as follows:

                                    Year ended                        Inventory at                        Price
                                  December 31.               End-of-year Prices                  Index
                                        2011                            $ 130,000                           1.00
                                        2012                                 252,000                           1.05
                                        2013                                 270,000                           1.10
            What is the 2012 inventory balance using dollar-value LIFO?
a.   $252,000.
b.   $257,000.
c.   $245,500.
d.   $251,500.

133.     Opera Corp. uses dollar-value LIFO method of computing its inventory cost. Data for the past four years is as follows:

                                    Year ended                        Inventory at                        Price
                                  December 31.               End-of-year Prices                  Index
                                        2011                              $ 130,000                           1.00
                                        2012                                 252,000                           1.05
                                        2013                                 270,000                           1.10
            What is the 2013 inventory balance using dollar-value LIFO?
a.   $270,000.
b.   $257,000.
c.   $245,500.
d.   $251,500.




MULTIPLE CHOICE—CPA Adapted

134.     How should the following costs affect a retailer's inventory valuation?
                       Freight-in        Interest on Inventory Loan
            a.        Increase                      No effect
            b.        Increase                      Increase
            c.        No effect                      Increase
            d.        No effect                      No effect

135.     The following information applied to Howe, Inc. for 2012:
Merchandise purchased for resale                                $350,000
Freight-in                                                                              8,000
Freight-out                                                                            5,000
Purchase returns                                                                 2,000
            Howe's 2012 inventoriable cost was
a.   $350,000.
b.   $353,000.
c.   $356,000.
d.   $361,000.

136.     The following information was derived from the 2012 accounting records of Perez Co.:
                                                                                                                  Perez 's Goods
                                                        Perez 's Central Warehouse          Held by Consignees
Beginning inventory                                $130,000                             $  14,000
Purchases                                               475,000                                  70,000
Freight-in                                                    10,000
Transportation to consignees                                                                   5,000
Freight-out                                                  30,000                                    8,000
Ending inventory                                      145,000                                  20,000

            Perez's 2012 cost of sales was
a.   $470,000.
b.   $500,000.
c.   $534,000.
d.   $539,000.

137.     Dole Corp.'s accounts payable at December 31, 2012, totaled $650,000 before any necessary year-end adjustments relating to the following transactions:
·         On December 27, 2012, Dole wrote and recorded checks to creditors totaling $350,000 causing an overdraft of $100,000 in Dole's bank account at December 31, 2012. The checks were mailed out on January 10, 2013.
·         On December 28, 2012, Dole purchased and received goods for $150,000, terms 2/10, n/30. Dole records purchases and accounts payable at net amounts. The invoice was recorded and paid January 3, 2013.
·         Goods shipped f.o.b. destination on December 20, 2012 from a vendor to Dole were received January 2, 2013. The invoice cost was $65,000.
            At December 31, 2012, what amount should Dole report as total accounts payable?
a.   $1,212,000.
b.   $1,147,000.
c.   $900,000.
d.   $800,000.

138.     The balance in Moon Co.'s accounts payable account at December 31, 2012 was $900,000 before any necessary year-end adjustments relating to the following:
·         Goods were in transit to Moon from a vendor on December 31, 2012. The invoice cost was $40,000. The goods were shipped f.o.b. shipping point on December 29, 2012 and were received on January 4, 2013.
·         Goods shipped f.o.b. destination on December 21, 2012 from a vendor to Moon were received on January 6, 2013. The invoice cost was $25,000.
·         On December 27, 2012, Moon wrote and recorded checks to creditors totaling $30,000 that were mailed on January 10, 2013.
            In Moon's December 31, 2012 balance sheet, the accounts payable should be
a.   $930,000.
b.   $940,000.
c.   $965,000.
d.   $970,000.

139.     Kerr Co.'s accounts payable balance at December 31, 2012 was $1,300,000 before considering the following transactions:
·         Goods were in transit from a vendor to Kerr on December 31, 2012. The invoice price was $70,000, and the goods were shipped f.o.b. shipping point on December 29, 2012. The goods were received on January 4, 2013.
·         Goods shipped to Kerr, f.o.b. shipping point on December 20, 2012, from a vendor were lost in transit. The invoice price was $50,000. On January 5, 2013, Kerr filed a $50,000 claim against the common carrier.

In its December 31, 2012 balance sheet, Kerr should report accounts payable of
a.   $1,420,000.
b.   $1,370,000.
c.   $1,350,000.
d.   $1,300,000.

140.     Walsh Retailers purchased merchandise with a list price of $75,000, subject to trade discounts of 20% and 10%, with no cash discounts allowable. Walsh should record the cost of this merchandise as
a.   $52,500.
b.   $54,000.
c.   $58,500.
d.   $75,000.

141.     On June 1, 2012, Penny Corp. sold merchandise with a list price of $40,000 to Linn on account. Penny allowed trade discounts of 30% and 20%. Credit terms were 2/15, n/40 and the sale was made f.o.b. shipping point. Penny prepaid $800 of delivery costs for Ison as an accommodation. On June 12, 2012, Penny received from Linn a remittance in full payment amounting to
a.   $21,952.
b.   $22,736.
c.   $22,752.
d.   $22,392.

142.     Groh Co. recorded the following data pertaining to raw material X during January 2012:
                                                                                                      Units                                        
Date                                     Received           Cost                Issued          On Hand
1/1/12        Inventory                                        $4.00                                       3,200
1/11/12      Issue                                                                     1,600               1,600
1/22/12      Purchase              4,000               $4.70                                       5,600
The moving-average unit cost of X inventory at January 31, 2012 is
a.   $4.35.
b.   $4.42.
c.   $4.50.
d.   $4.70.

143.     During periods of rising prices, a perpetual inventory system would result in the same dollar amount of ending inventory as a periodic inventory system under which of the following inventory cost flow methods?
                          FIFO                      LIFO
            a.            Yes                         No
            b.            Yes                        Yes
            c.             No                         Yes
            d.             No                          No


144.     Hite Co. was formed on January 2, 2012, to sell a single product. Over a two-year period, Hite's acquisition costs have increased steadily. Physical quantities held in inventory were equal to three months' sales at December 31, 2012, and zero at December 31, 2013. Assuming the periodic inventory system, the inventory cost method which reports the highest amount of each of the following is
                             Inventory                  Cost of Sales
                    December 31, 2012                2013      
            a.                 LIFO                            FIFO
            b.                 LIFO                            LIFO
            c.                 FIFO                            FIFO
            d.                 FIFO                            LIFO

145.     Keck Co. had 450 units of product A on hand at January 1, 2012, costing $21 each. Purchases of product A during January were as follows:
                                      Date                  Units            Unit Cost
                                    Jan. 10                  600                  $22
                                            18                  750                    23
                                            28                  300                    24
            A physical count on January 31, 2012 shows 600 units of product A on hand. The cost of the inventory at January 31, 2012 under the LIFO method is
a.   $14,100.
b.   $13,350.
c.   $12,750.
d.   $12,300.

146.     When the double extension approach to the dollar-value LIFO inventory cost flow method is used, the inventory layer added in the current year is multiplied by an index number. How would the following be used in the calculation of this index number?
                    Ending inventory                     Ending inventory
                 at current year cost                  at base year cost
a.      Numerator                  Denominator
b.      Numerator                  Not used
c.      Denominator                     Numerator
d.      Not used                     Denominator

147.     Farr Co. adopted the dollar-value LIFO inventory method on December 31, 2012. Farr's entire inventory constitutes a single pool. On December 31, 2012, the inventory was $480,000 under the dollar-value LIFO method. Inventory data for 2013 are as follows:
                        12/31/13 inventory at year-end prices                                 $660,000
                        Relevant price index at year end (base year 2012)                      110
            Using dollar value LIFO, Farr's inventory at December 31, 2013 is
a.   $528,000.
b.   $612,000.
c.   $600,000.
d.   $660,000.






EXERCISES

Ex. 8-148—Recording purchases at net amounts.
Flint Co. records purchase discounts lost and uses perpetual inventories.  Prepare journal entries in general journal form for the following:
(a)   Purchased merchandise costing $1,500 with terms 2/10, n/30.
(b)   Payment was made thirty days after the purchase.


Ex. 8-149—Recording purchases at net amounts.
Dill Co. records purchases at net amounts and uses periodic inventories.  Prepare entries for the following:
June   11   Purchased merchandise on account, $8,000, terms 2/10, n/30.
           15   Returned part of June 11 purchase, $500, and received credit on account.
           30   Prepared the adjusting entry required for financial statements.


Ex. 8-150—Comparison of FIFO and LIFO.
During periods of rising prices, the use of FIFO (as compared with LIFO) will result in what effect on the financial statements?



Ex. 8-151—FIFO and LIFO inventory methods.
During June, the following changes in inventory item 27 took place:

         June   1     Balance                         1,400 units @ $24
                    14     Purchased                       800 units @ $36
                    24     Purchased                       700 units @ $30
                      8     Sold                                  400 units @ $50
                    10     Sold                               1,000 units @ $40
                    29     Sold                                  600 units @ $44
Perpetual inventories are maintained.

Instructions
What is the cost of the ending inventory for item 27 under the following methods?  (Show calculations.)
(a)   FIFO.
(b)   LIFO.


Ex. 8-152—FIFO and LIFO periodic inventory methods.
The Rock Shop shows the following data related to an item of inventory:
            Inventory, January 1                            100 units @ $5.00
            Purchase, January 9                           300 units @ $5.40
            Purchase, January 19                           70 units @ $6.00
            Inventory, January 31                          100 units


Instructions
(a)   What value should be assigned to the ending inventory using FIFO?
(b)   What value should be assigned to cost of goods sold using LIFO?



Ex. 8-153—Perpetual LIFO.
A record of transactions for the month of May was as follows:
                                   Purchases                                                                 Sales                 
         May    1 (balance)       400  @  $4.20                   May  3             200  @ $7.00
                      4                   1,300  @  $4.10                                  6        1,000  @   7.00
                      8                      800  @  $4.30                                12           900  @   7.50
                    14                      700  @  $4.40                                18           400  @   7.50
                    22                   1,200  @  $4.50                                25        1,400  @   8.00
                    29                      300  @  $4.55

Assuming that perpetual inventory records are kept in dollars, determine the inventory using LIFO.



Ex. 8-154—Perpetual LIFO and Periodic FIFO.
Matlock Corporation sells item A as part of its product line. Information as to balances on hand, purchases, and sales of item A are given in the following table for the first six months of 2012.
                                                 Quantities                      
                                                                                                    Unit Price
Date               Purchased            Sold              Balance          of Purchase
January 11             —                   —                    400                     $3.75
January 24         1,300                   —                 1,700                     $3.90
February 8             —                    300               1,400                         —
March 16                —                    560                  840                         —
June 11                 600                   —                 1,440                     $4.10

Instructions
(a)   Compute the ending inventory at June 30 under the perpetual LIFO inventory pricing method.
(b)   Compute the cost of goods sold for the first six months under the periodic FIFO inventory pricing method.


Ex. 8-155—Analysis of gross profit.
During 2012, King’s Drug Company experienced a significant increase in the rate of gross profit on sales, compared with the rate it has averaged in recent years. You are asked to determine the most likely reason for this improvement. Support your answer.

The following data are from the records of the company:
       2012 sales (at an average price of $40 a unit) were $2,250,000.
       2012 purchases (at an average cost of $24 a unit) were $1,200,000.
       The company uses the LIFO inventory method and has used it since 1985.


Ex. 8-156—Dollar-value LIFO method.
Part A.       Judd Company has a beginning inventory in year one of $500,000 and an ending inventory of $605,000. The price level has increased from 100 at the beginning of the year to 110 at the end of year one. Calculate the ending inventory under the dollar-value LIFO method.

Part B.       At the end of year two, Judd's inventory is $713,000 in terms of a price level of 115 which exists at the end of year two. Calculate the inventory at the end of year two continuing the use of the dollar-value LIFO method.




PROBLEMS

Pr. 8-157—Inventory cut-off.
Vogts Company sells TVs. The perpetual inventory was stated as $33,500 on the books at December 31, 2012. At the close of the year, a new approach for compiling inventory was used and apparently a satisfactory cut-off for preparation of financial statements was not made. Some events that occurred are as follows.

1.   TVs shipped to a customer January 2, 2013, costing $5,000 were included in inventory at December 31, 2012.  The sale was recorded in 2013.

2.   TVs costing $12,000 received December 30, 2012, were recorded as received on January 2, 2013.

3.   TVs received during 2012 costing $4,600 were recorded twice in the inventory account.

4.   TVs shipped to a customer December 28, 2012, f.o.b. shipping point, which cost $8,000, were not received by the customer until January, 2013.  The TVs were included in the ending inventory.

5.   TVs on hand that cost $6,100 were never recorded on the books.


Instructions
Compute the correct inventory at December 31, 2012.




Pr. 8-158—Analysis of errors.
(All sales and purchases are on credit.) 
Indicate in each of the spaces provided the effect of the described errors on the various elements of a company's financial statements. Use the following codes: O = amount is overstated;  U = amount is understated; NE = no effect. Assume a periodic inventory system.

                                                                    Accounts                        Accounts                    Cost of
                                                                  Receivable     Inventory    Payable    Sales    Goods Sold
EXAMPLE:                                    Excluded goods in rented
                    warehouse from inventory          NE              U              NE             NE              O
                    count.
______________________________________________________________________________

1.   Goods in transit shipped "f.o.b. destination" by supplier were recorded as a purchase but were excluded from ending inventory.

______________________________________________________________________________

2.   Goods held on consignment were included in inventory count and recorded as a purchase.

______________________________________________________________________________

3.   Goods in transit shipped "f.o.b. shipping point" were not recorded as a sale and were included in ending inventory.

______________________________________________________________________________

4.   Goods were shipped and appro-priately excluded from ending inventory but sale was not recorded.

______________________________________________________________________________



Pr. 8-159—Accounting for purchase discounts.
Otto Corp. purchased merchandise during 2012 on credit for $400,000; terms 2/10, n/30. All of the gross liability except $80,000 was paid within the discount period. The remainder was paid within the 30-day term. At the end of the annual accounting period, December 31, 2012, 90% of the merchandise had been sold and 10% remained in inventory. The company uses a periodic system.

Instructions
(a)   Assuming that the net method is used for recording purchases, prepare the entries for the purchase and two subsequent payments.
(b)   What dollar amounts should be reported for the final inventory and cost of goods sold under the (1) net method; (2) gross method?  Assume that there was no beginning inventory.




Pr. 8-160—Inventory methods.
Jones Company was formed on December 1, 2011. The following information is available from Jones's inventory record for Product X.
                                                                                                                Units         Unit Cost
            January 1, 2012 (beginning inventory)                                       1,600             $18.00
            Purchases:
                  January 5, 2012                                                                   2,600             $20.00
                  January 25, 2012                                                                 2,400             $21.00
                  February 16, 2012                                                                1,000             $22.00
                  March 15, 2012                                                                    1,800             $23.00

A physical inventory on March 31, 2012, shows 2,200 units on hand.
Instructions
Prepare schedules to compute the ending inventory at March 31, 2012, under each of the following inventory methods:
(a)   FIFO.
(b)   LIFO.
(c)   Weighted-average.
Show supporting computations in good form.





Pr. 8-161—Dollar-value LIFO.
Aber Company manufactures one product. On December 31, 2011, Aber adopted the dollar-value LIFO inventory method. The inventory on that date using the dollar-value LIFO inventory method was $270,000.  Inventory data are as follows:
                                           Inventory at                           Price index
            Year                    year-end prices                   (base year 2009)
            2012                         $378,000                                   1.05
            2013                           552,000                                   1.15
            2014                           575,000                                   1.25

Instructions
Compute the inventory at December 31, 2012, 2013, and 2014, using the dollar-value LIFO method for each year.




Pr. 8-162—Dollar-value LIFO.
Gott Company adopted the dollar-value LIFO inventory method on 12/31/11. On this date, its inventory consisted of the following items.
           Item           Number of Units       Cost Per Unit              Total Cost
            X                      200                     $2.00                          $   400
            Y                      600                       4.50                             2,700
                                                                                                    $3,100

Additional information:                                                        December 31     
                                                                                        2012              2013
            1.   Units of X in inventory                                     300                  400
            2.   Cost of each X unit                                      $3.00               $3.25
            3.   Units of Y in inventory                                     800               1,200
            4.   Cost of each Y unit                                      $5.50               $6.00

Instructions
(a)   Compute the price index for 2012.  Round to 2 decimal places.
(b)   Calculate the 12/31/12 inventory.  Label all numbers.
(c)   Compute the price index for 2013.  Round to 2 decimal places.
(d)   Calculate the 12/31/13 inventory.  Label all numbers.