Solutions Manual and Test Bank Intermediate Accounting Kieso Weygandt Warfield 14th edition

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 CHAPTER 10 ACQUISITION AND DISPOSITION OF PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT

MULTIPLE CHOICE—Conceptual
21.     Plant assets may properly include
a.   deposits on machinery not yet received.
b.   idle equipment awaiting sale.
c.   land held for possible use as a future plant site.
d.   none of these.

  22.     Which of the following is not a major characteristic of a plant asset?
a.   Possesses physical substance
b.   Acquired for resale
c.   Acquired for use
d.   Yields services over a number of years

  23.     Which of these is not a major characteristic of a plant asset?
a.   Possesses physical substance
b.   Acquired for use in operations
c.   Yields services over a number of years
d.   All of these are major characteristics of a plant asset.

  24.     Cotton Hotel Corporation recently purchased Emporia Hotel and the land on which it is located with the plan to tear down the Emporia Hotel and build a new luxury hotel on the site. The cost of the Emporia Hotel should be
a.   depreciated over the period from acquisition to the date the hotel is scheduled to be torn down.
b.   written off as an extraordinary loss in the year the hotel is torn down.
c.   capitalized as part of the cost of the land.
d.   capitalized as part of the cost of the new hotel.



  25.     The cost of land does not include
a.   costs of grading, filling, draining, and clearing.
b.   costs of removing old buildings.
c.   costs of improvements with limited lives.
d.   special assessments.

  26.     The cost of land typically includes the purchase price and all of the following costs except
a.   grading, filling, draining, and clearing costs.
b.   street lights, sewers, and drainage systems cost.
c.   private driveways and parking lots.
d.   assumption of any liens or mortgages on the property.

  27.     If a corporation purchases a lot and building and subsequently tears down the building and uses the property as a parking lot, the proper accounting treatment of the cost of the building would depend on
a.   the significance of the cost allocated to the building in relation to the combined cost of the lot and building.
b.   the length of time for which the building was held prior to its demolition.
c.   the contemplated future use of the parking lot.
d.   the intention of management for the property when the building was acquired.

  28.     The debit for a sales tax properly levied and paid on the purchase of machinery preferably would be a charge to
a.   the machinery account.
b.   a separate deferred charge account.
c.   miscellaneous tax expense (which includes all taxes other than those on income).
d.   accumulated depreciation--machinery.

  29.     Fences and parking lots are reported on the balance sheet as
a.   current assets.
b.   land improvements.
c.   land.
d.   property and equipment.

S30.     Historical cost is the basis advocated for recording the acquisition of property, plant, and equipment for all of the following reasons except
a.   at the date of acquisition, cost reflects fair market value.
b.   property, plant, and equipment items are always acquired at their original historical cost.
c.   historical cost involves actual trans­actions and, as such, is the most reliable basis.
d.   gains and losses should not be anticipated but should be recognized when the asset is sold.

S31.     To be consistent with the historical cost principle, overhead costs incurred by an enterprise constructing its own building should be
a.   allocated on the basis of lost production.
b.   eliminated completely from the cost of the asset.
c.   allocated on an opportunity cost basis.
d.   allocated on a pro rata basis between the asset and normal operations.



  32.     Which of the following costs are capitalized for self-constructed assets?
a.   Materials and labor only
b.   Labor and overhead only
c.   Materials and overhead only
d.   Materials, labor, and overhead

  33.     Which of the following assets do not qualify for capitalization of interest costs incurred during construction of the assets?
a.   Assets under construction for an enterprise's own use.
b.   Assets intended for sale or lease that are produced as discrete projects.
c.   Assets financed through the issuance of long-term debt.
d.   Assets not currently undergoing the activities necessary to prepare them for their intended use.

  34.     Assets that qualify for interest cost capitalization include
a.   assets under construction for a company's own use.
b.   assets that are ready for their intended use in the earnings of the company.
c.   assets that are not currently being used because of excess capacity.
d.   All of these assets qualify for interest cost capitalization.

  35.     When computing the amount of interest cost to be capitalized, the concept of "avoidable interest" refers to
a.   the total interest cost actually incurred.
b.   a cost of capital charge for stockholders' equity.
c.   that portion of total interest cost which would not have been incurred if expenditures for asset construction had not been made.
d.   that portion of average accumulated expenditures on which no interest cost was incurred.

  36.     The period of time during which interest must be capitalized ends when
a.   the asset is substantially complete and ready for its intended use.
b.   no further interest cost is being incurred.
c.   the asset is abandoned, sold, or fully depreciated.
d.   the activities that are necessary to get the asset ready for its intended use have begun.

  37.     Which of the following statements is true regarding capitalization of interest?
a.   Interest cost capitalized in connection with the purchase of land to be used as a building site should be debited to the land account and not to the building account.
b.   The amount of interest cost capitalized during the period should not exceed the actual interest cost incurred.
c.   When excess borrowed funds not immediately needed for construction are temporarily invested, any interest earned should be offset against interest cost incurred when determining the amount of interest cost to be capitalized.
d.   The minimum amount of interest to be capitalized is determined by multiplying a weighted average interest rate by the amount of average accumulated expenditures on qualifying assets during the period.



  38.     Construction of a qualifying asset is started on April 1 and finished on December 1. The fraction used to multiply an expenditure made on April 1 to find weighted-average accumulated expenditures is
a.   8/8.
b.   8/12.
c.   9/12.
d.   11/12.

  39.     When funds are borrowed to pay for construction of assets that qualify for capitalization of interest, the excess funds not needed to pay for construction may be temporarily invested in interest-bearing securities. Interest earned on these temporary investments should be
a.   offset against interest cost incurred during construction.
b.   used to reduce the cost of assets being constructed.
c.   multiplied by an appropriate interest rate to determine the amount of interest to be capitalized.
d.   recognized as revenue of the period.

  40.     Interest cost that is capitalized should
a.   be written off over the remaining term of the debt.
b.   be accumulated in a separate deferred charge account and written off equally over a 40-year period.
c.   not be written off until the related asset is fully depreciated or disposed of.
d.   none of these.

S41.     Which of the following is not a condition that must be satisfied before interest capitalization can begin on a qualifying asset?
a.   Interest cost is being incurred.
b.   Expenditures for the assets have been made.
c.   The interest rate is equal to or greater than the company's cost of capital.
d.   Activities that are necessary to get the asset ready for its intended use are in progress.

S42.     Which of the following is the recommended approach to handling interest incurred in financing the construction of property, plant and equipment?
a.   Capitalize only the actual interest costs incurred during construction.
b.   Charge construction with all costs of funds employed, whether identifiable or not.
c.   Capitalize no interest during construction.
d.   Capitalize interest costs equal to the prime interest rate times the estimated cost of the asset being constructed.

S43.     Which of the following nonmonetary exchange transactions represents a culmination of the earning process?
a.   Exchange of assets with no difference in future cash flows.
b.   Exchange of products by companies in the same line of business with no difference in future cash flows.
c.   Exchange of assets with a difference in future cash flows.
d.   Exchange of an equivalent interest in similar productive assets that causes the companies involved to remain in essentially the same economic position.



S44.     When boot is involved in an exchange having commercial substance.
a.   gains or losses are recognized in their entirely.
b.   a gain or loss is computed by comparing the fair value of the asset received with the fair value of the asset given up.
c.   only gains should be recognized.
d.   only losses should be recognized.

S45.     The cost of a nonmonetary asset acquired in exchange for another nonmonetary asset and the exchange has commercial substance is usually recorded at
a.   the fair value of the asset given up, and a gain or loss is recognized.
b.   the fair value of the asset given up, and a gain but not a loss may be recognized.
c.   the fair value of the asset received if it is equally reliable as the fair value of the asset given up.
d.   either the fair value of the asset given up or the asset received, whichever one results in the largest gain (smallest loss) to the company.

P46.     Ringler Corporation exchanges one plant asset for a similar plant asset and gives cash in the exchange. The exchange is not expected to cause a material change in the future cash flows for either entity. If a gain on the disposal of the old asset is indicated, the gain will
a.   be reported in the Other Revenues and Gains section of the income statement.
b.   effectively reduce the amount to be recorded as the cost of the new asset.
c.   effectively increase the amount to be recorded as the cost of the new asset.
d.   be credited directly to the owner's capital account.

  47.     Plant assets purchased on long-term credit contracts should be accounted for at
a.   the total value of the future payments.
b.   the future amount of the future payments.
c.   the present value of the future payments.
d.   none of these.

  48.     When a plant asset is acquired by issuance of common stock, the cost of the plant asset is properly measured by the
a.   par value of the stock.
b.   stated value of the stock.
c.   book value of the stock.
d.   fair value of the stock.

  49.     When a closely held corporation issues preferred stock for land, the land should be recorded at the
a.   total par value of the stock issued.
b.   total book value of the stock issued.
c.   total liquidating value of the stock issued.
d.   fair value of the land.

  50.     Accounting recognition should be given to some or all of the gain realized on a nonmonetary exchange of plant assets except when the exchange has
a.   no commercial substance and additional cash is paid.
b.   no commercial substance and additional cash is received.
c.   commercial substance and additional cash is paid.
d.   commercial substance and additional cash is received.

  51.     For a nonmonetary exchange of plant assets, accounting recognition should not be given to
a.   a loss when the exchange has no commercial substance.
b.   a gain when the exchange has commercial substance.
c.   part of a gain when the exchange has no commercial substance and cash is paid (cash paid/received is less than 25% of the fair value of the exchange).
d.   part of a gain when the exchange has no commercial substance and cash is received (cash paid or received is less than 25% of the fair value of the exchange).

  52.     When an enterprise is the recipient of a donated asset, the account credited may be a
a.   paid-in capital account.
b.   revenue account.
c.   deferred revenue account.
d.   all of these.

  53.     A plant site donated by a township to a manufacturer that plans to open a new factory should be recorded on the manufacturer's books at
a.   the nominal cost of taking title to it.
b.   its fair value.
c.   one dollar (since the site cost nothing but should be included in the balance sheet).
d.   the value assigned to it by the company's directors.

  54.     In order for a cost to be capitalized (capital expenditure), the following must be present:
a.   The useful life of an asset must be increased.
b.   The quantity of assets must be increased.
c.   The quality of assets must be increased.
d.   Any one of these.

  55.     An improvement made to a machine increased its fair value and its production capacity by 25% without extending the machine's useful life. The cost of the improvement should be
a. expensed.
b.   debited to accumulated depreciation.
c.   capitalized in the machine account.
d.   allocated between accumulated depreciation and the machine account.

  56.     Which of the following is a capital expenditure?
a.   Payment of an account payable
b.   Retirement of bonds payable
c.   Payment of Federal income taxes
d.   None of these

  57.     Which of the following is not a capital expenditure?
a.   Repairs that maintain an asset in operating condition
b.   An addition
c.   A betterment
d.   A replacement



P58.     In accounting for plant assets, which of the following outlays made subsequent to acquisition should be fully expensed in the period the expenditure is made?
a.   Expenditure made to increase the efficiency or effectiveness of an existing asset
b.   Expenditure made to extend the useful life of an existing asset beyond the time frame originally anticipated
c.   Expenditure made to maintain an existing asset so that it can function in the manner intended
d.   Expenditure made to add new asset services

S59.     An expenditure made in connection with a machine being used by an enterprise should be
a.   expensed immediately if it merely extends the useful life but does not improve the quality.
b.   expensed immediately if it merely improves the quality but does not extend the useful life.
c.   capitalized if it maintains the machine in normal operating condition.
d.   capitalized if it increases the quantity of units produced by the machine.

S60.     When a plant asset is disposed of, a gain or loss may result. The gain or loss would be classified as an extraordinary item on the income statement if it resulted from
a.   an involuntary conversion and the conditions of the disposition are unusual and infrequent in nature.
b.   a sale prior to the completion of the estimated useful life of the asset.
c.   the sale of a fully depreciated asset.
d.   an abandonment of the asset.

  61.     The sale of a depreciable asset resulting in a loss indicates that the proceeds from the sale were
a.   less than current fair value.
b.   greater than cost.
c.   greater than book value.
d.   less than book value.

  62.     Which of the following statements about involuntary conversions is false?
a.   An involuntary conversion may result from condemnation or fire.
b.   The gain or loss from an involuntary conversion may be reported as an extraordinary item.
c.   The gain or loss from an involuntary conversion should not be recognized when the enterprise reinvests in replacement assets.
d.   All of these.




Multiple Choice—Computational

Use the following information for questions 63 and 64.

Wilson Co. purchased land as a factory site for $800,000. Wilson paid $80,000 to tear down two buildings on the land. Salvage was sold for $5,400. Legal fees of $3,480 were paid for title investigation and making the purchase. Architect's fees were $31,200. Title insurance cost $2,400, and liability insurance during construction cost $2,600. Excavation cost $10,440. The contractor was paid $2,500,000. An assessment made by the city for pavement was $6,400. Interest costs during construction were $170,000.

  63.     The cost of the land that should be recorded by Wilson Co. is
a.   $880,480.
b.   $886,880.
c.   $889,880.
d.   $896,280.

  64.     The cost of the building that should be recorded by Wilson Co. is
a.   $2,503,800.
b.   $2,504,840.
c.   $2,513,200.
d.   $2,514,240.




  65.     On February 1, 2012, Nelson Corporation purchased a parcel of land as a factory site for $250,000. An old building on the property was demolished, and construction began on a new building which was completed on November 1, 2012. Costs incurred during this period are listed below:
Demolition of old building                                                          $     20,000
Architect's fees                                                                                    35,000
Legal fees for title investigation and purchase contract                        5,000
Construction costs                                                                         1,290,000
(Salvaged materials resulting from demolition were sold for $10,000.)
Nelson should record the cost of the land and new building, respectively, as
a.   $275,000 and $1,315,000.
b.   $260,000 and $1,330,000.
c.   $260,000 and $1,325,000.
d.   $265,000 and $1,325,000.

  66.     Worthington Chandler Company purchased equipment for $12,000. Sales tax on the purchase was $800. Other costs incurred were freight charges of $200, repairs of $350 for damage during installation, and installation costs of $225. What is the cost of the equipment?
a.   $12,000
b.   $12,800
c.   $13,225
d.   $13,575

  67.     Fogelberg Company purchased equipment for $15,000. Sales tax on the purchase was $900. Other costs incurred were freight charges of $240, repairs of $420 for damage during installation, and installation costs of $270. What is the cost of the equipment?
a.   $15,000.
b.   $15,900.
c.   $16,410.
d.   $16,830.

  68.     During self-construction of an asset by Samuelson Company, the following were among the costs incurred:
Fixed overhead for the year                                                          $1,000,000
Portion of $1,000,000 fixed overhead that would
      be allocated to asset if it were normal production                         50,000
Variable overhead attributable to self-construction                             35,000
What amount of overhead should be included in the cost of the self-constructed asset?
a.   $   -0-
b.   $35,000
c.   $50,000
d.   $85,000



  69.     During self-construction of an asset by Richardson Company, the following were among the costs incurred:
Fixed overhead for the year                                                          $1,000,000
Portion of $1,000,000 fixed overhead that would
      be allocated to asset if it were normal production                         60,000
Variable overhead attributable to self-construction                             75,000
What amount of overhead should be included in the cost of the self-constructed asset?
a.   $   -0-
b.   $  60,000
c.   $  75,000
d.   $135,000

  70.     Mendenhall Corporation constructed a building at a cost of $10,000,000. Average accumulated expenditures were $4,000,000, actual interest was $600,000, and avoidable interest was $400,000. If the salvage value is $800,000, and the useful life is 40 years, depreciation expense for the first full year using the straight-line method is
a.   $240,000.
b.   $245,000.
c.   $260,000.
d.   $340,000.

  71.     Messersmith Company is constructing a building. Construction began in 2012 and the building was completed 12/31/12. Messersmith made payments to the construction company of $1,500,000 on 7/1, $3,150,000 on 9/1, and $3,000,000 on 12/31. Average accumulated expenditures were
a.   $1,537,500.
b.   $1,800,000.
c.   $4,650,000.
d.   $7,650,000.

  72.     Huffman Corporation constructed a building at a cost of $20,000,000. Average accumulated expenditures were $8,000,000, actual interest was $1,200,000, and avoidable interest was $800,000. If the salvage value is $1,600,000, and the useful life is 40 years, depreciation expense for the first full year using the straight-line method is
a.   $480,000.
b.   $490,000.
c.   $520,000.
d.   $680,000.

  73.     Gutierrez Company is constructing a building. Construction began in 2012 and the building was completed 12/31/12. Gutierrez made payments to the construction company of $2,000,000 on 7/1, $4,400,000 on 9/1, and $4,000,000 on 12/31. Average accumulated expenditures were
a.   $2,100,000.
b.   $2,466,667.
c.   $6,400,000.
d.   $10,400,000.



  74.     On May 1, 2012, Goodman Company began construction of a building. Expenditures of $240,000 were incurred monthly for 5 months beginning on May 1. The building was completed and ready for occupancy on September 1, 2012. For the purpose of determining the amount of interest cost to be capitalized, the average accumulated expenditures on the building during 2012 were
a.   $200,000.
b.   $240,000.
c.   $960,000.
d.   $1,200,000.

  75.     During 2012, Kimmel Co. incurred average accumulated expenditures of $600,000 during construction of assets that qualified for capitalization of interest. The only debt outstanding during 2012 was a $750,000, 10%, 5-year note payable dated January 1, 2010. What is the amount of interest that should be capitalized by Kimmel during 2012?
a.   $0.
b.   $15,000.
c.   $60,000.
d.   $75,000.

  76.     On March 1, Felt Co. began construction of a small building. Payments of $160,000 were made monthly for three months beginning March 1. The building was completed and ready for occupancy on June 1. In determining the amount of interest cost to be capitalized, the weighted-average accumulated expenditures are
a.   $40,000.
b.   $80,000.
c.   $160,000.
d.   $320,000.

  77.     On March 1, Imhoff Co. began construction of a small building. Payments of $240,000 were made monthly for four months beginning March 1. The building was completed and ready for occupancy on June 1. In determining the amount of interest cost to be capitalized, the weighted-average accumulated expenditures are
a.   $120,000.
b.   $240,000.
c.   $480,000.
d.   $960,000.

Use the following information for questions 78 through 80.

On March 1, 2012, Newton Company purchased land for an office site by paying $900,000 cash. Newton began construction on the office building on March 1. The following expenditures were incurred for construction:
Date                                                   Expenditures
March 1, 2012                                   $   600,000
April 1, 2012                                             840,000
May 1, 2012                                           1,500,000
June 1, 2012                                         2,400,000



The office was completed and ready for occupancy on July 1. To help pay for construction, $1,200,000 was borrowed on March 1, 2012 on a 9%, 3-year note payable. Other than the construction note, the only debt outstanding during 2012 was a $500,000, 12%, 6-year note payable dated January 1, 2012.

  78.     The weighted-average accumulated expenditures on the construction project during 2012 were
a.   $640,000.
b.   $4,890,000.
c.   $520,000.
d.   $1,160,000.

  79.     The actual interest cost incurred during 2012 was
a.   $150,000.
b.   $168,000.
c.   $84,000.
d.   $140,000.

  80.     Assume the weighted-average accumulated expenditures for the construction project are $870,000. The amount of interest cost to be capitalized during 2012 is
a.   $130,500.
b.   $138,000.
c.   $150,000.
d.   $168,000.

  81.     During 2012, Bass Corporation constructed assets costing $2,000,000. The weighted-average accumulated expenditures on these assets during 2012 was $600,000. To help pay for construction, $880,000 was borrowed at 10% on January 1, 2012, and funds not needed for construction were temporarily invested in short-term securities, yielding $18,000 in interest revenue. Other than the construction funds borrowed, the only other debt outstanding during the year was a $1,000,000, 10-year, 9% note payable dated January 1, 2006. What is the amount of interest that should be capitalized by Bass during 2012?
a.   $120,000.
b.   $60,000.
c.   $116,800.
d.   $188,800.

Use the following information for questions 82 through 85.

On January 2, 2012, Indian River Groves began construction of a new citrus processing plant. The automated plant was finished and ready for use on September 30, 2013. Expenditures for the construction were as follows:

January 2, 2012
$300,000
September 1, 2012
  900,000
December 31, 2012
  900,000
March 31, 2013
  900,000
September 30, 2013
  600,000

Indian River Groves borrowed $1,650,000 on a construction loan at 12% interest on January 2, 2012. This loan was outstanding during the construction period. The company also had $6,000,000 in 9% bonds outstanding in 2012 and 2013.

  82.     What were the weighted-average accumulated expenditures for 2012?
a.   $800,000
b.   $750,000
c.   $600,000
d.   $1,500,000

  83.     The interest capitalized for 2012 was:
a.   $270,000
b.   $72,000
c.   $228,000
d.   $90,000

  84.     What were the weighted-average accumulated expenditures for 2013 by the end of the construction period?
a.   $585,000
b.   $2,452,500
c.   $2,979,000
d.   $2,079,000

  85.     The interest capitalized for 2013 was:
a.   $187,110
b.   $177,458
c.   $  38,610
d.   $ 148,500

Use the following information to answer questions 86 - 90.

Arlington Company is constructing a building. Construction began on January 1 and was completed on December 31. Expenditures were $4,000,000 on March 1, $3,300,000 on June 1, and $5,000,000 on December 31. Arlington Company borrowed $2,000,000 on January 1 on a 5-year, 12% note to help finance construction of the building. In addition, the company had outstanding all year a 10%, 3-year, $4,000,000 note payable and an 11%, 4-year, $7,500,000 note payable.

  86.     What are the weighted-average accumulated expenditures?
a.   $7,300,000
b.   $5,258,333
c.   $12,300,000
d.   $6,150,000

  87.     What is the weighted-average interest rate used for interest capitalization purposes?
a.   11%
b.   10.85%
c.   10.5%
d.   10.65%



  88.     What is the avoidable interest for Arlington Company?
a.   $240,000
b.   $773,013
c.   $273,802
d.   $587,012

  89.     What is the actual interest for Arlington Company?
a.   $1,465,000
b.   $1,485,000
c.   $1,225,000
d.   $587,012

  90.     What amount of interest should be charged to expense?
a.   $637,987
b.   $1,225
c.   $877,987
d.   $691,987

  91.     Dodson Company traded in a manual pressing machine for an automated pressing machine and gave $16,000 cash. The old machine cost $186,000 and had a net book value of $142,000. The old machine had a fair value of $120,000.

            Which of the following is the correct journal entry to record the exchange?
a.   Equipment                                     136,000
      Loss on Disposal                            22,000
      Accumulated Depreciation             44,000
                Equipment                                             186,000
                Cash                                                        16,000
b.   Equipment                                     136,000
                Equipment                                             120,000
                Cash                                                        16,000
c.   Cash                                               16,000
      Equipment                                     120,000
      Loss on Disposal                            22,000
      Accumulated Depreciation             44,000
                Equipment                                             202,000
d.   Equipment                                     246,000
                Accumulated Depreciation                      44,000
                Equipment                                             186,000
                Cash                                                        16,000

Use the following information to answer questions 92 & 93.
Below is the information relative to an exchange of assets by Stanton Company. The exchange lacks commercial substance.


Old Equipment


Book Value
Fair Value
Cash Paid
Case I
$225,000
$225,000
$45,000
Case II
$150,000
$135,000
$21,000

  92.     Which of the following would be correct for Stanton to record in Case I?


Record Equipment at:
Record a gain of (loss) of:
a.
$270,000
$0
b.
$300,000
$30,000
c.
$225,000
$(15,000)
d.
$270,000
$30,000

  93.     Which of the following would be correct for Stanton to record in Case II?


Record Equipment at:
Record a gain of (loss) of:
a.
$171,000
$15,000
b.
$150,000
  $6,000
c.
$156,000
$(15,000)
d.
$150,000
 $(6,000)

Use the following information for questions 94 and 95.
Glen Inc. and Armstrong Co. have an exchange with no commercial substance. The asset given up by Glen Inc. has a book value of $48,000 and a fair value of $60,000. The asset given up by Armstrong Co. has a book value of $80,000 and a fair value of $76,000. Boot of $16,000 is received by Armstrong Co.
  94.     What amount should Glen Inc. record for the asset received?
a.   $60,000
b.   $64,000
c.   $76,000
d.   $80,000

  95.     What amount should Armstrong Co. record for the asset received?
a.   $60,000
b.   $64,000
c.   $76,000
d.   $80,000

  96.     Hardin Company received $60,000 in cash and a used computer with a fair value of $180,000 from Page Corporation for Hardin Company's existing computer having a fair value of $240,000 and an undepreciated cost of $225,000 recorded on its books. The transaction has no commercial substance. How much gain should Hardin recognize on this exchange, and at what amount should the acquired computer be recorded, respectively?
a.   $0 and $165,000
b.   $1,153 and $166,153
c.   $15,000 and $180,000
d.   $60,000 and $225,000

Use the following information to answer questions 97 & 98.

Jamison Company purchased the assets of Booker Company at an auction for $2,800,000. An independent appraisal of the fair value of the assets is listed below:
Land                                         $950,000
Building                                   1,400,000
Equipment                              1,050,000
Trucks                                     1,700,000


  97.     Assuming that specific identification costs are impracticable and that Jamison allocates the purchase price on the basis of the relative fair values, what amount would be allocated to the Trucks?
a.   $933,333
b.   $1,400,000
c.   $1,680,000
d.   $1,700,000

  98.     Assuming that specific identification costs are impracticable and that Jamison allocates the purchase price on the basis of the relative fair values, what amount would be allocated to the Building?
a.   $1,059,460
b.   $1,400,000
c.   $2,550,000
d.   $768,627

  99.     On December 1, Miser Corporation exchanged 3,000 shares of its $25 par value common stock held in treasury for a parcel of land to be held for a future plant site. The treasury shares were acquired by Miser at a cost of $40 per share, and on the exchange date the common shares of Miser had a fair value of $50 per share. Miser received $9,000 for selling scrap when an existing building on the property was removed from the site. Based on these facts, the land should be capitalized at
a.   $111,000.
b.   $120,000.
c.   $141,000.
d.   $150,000.

100.     Storm Corporation purchased a new machine on October 31, 2012. A $3,600 down payment was made and three monthly installments of $10,800 each are to be made beginning on November 30, 2012. The cash price would have been $34,800. Storm paid no installation charges under the monthly payment plan but a $600 installation charge would have been incurred with a cash purchase. The amount to be capitalized as the cost of the machine on October 31, 2012 would be
a.   $36,600.
b.   $36,000.
c.   $35,400.
d.   $34,800.

101.     Horner Company buys a delivery van with a list price of $45,000. The dealer grants a 15% reduction in list price and an additional 2% cash discount on the net price if payment is made in 30 days. Sales taxes amount to $600 and the company paid an extra $450 to have a special device installed. What should be the recorded cost of the van?
a.   $37,485.
b.   $38,468.
c.   $38,535.
d.   $38,085.



102.     On August 1, 2012, Hayes Corporation purchased a new machine on a deferred payment basis. A down payment of $9,000 was made and 4 monthly installments of $7,500 each are to be made beginning on September 1, 2012. The cash equivalent price of the machine was $36,000. Hayes incurred and paid installation costs amounting to $1,500. The amount to be capitalized as the cost of the machine is
a.   $36,000.
b.   $37,500.
c.   $39,000.
d.   $40,500.

103.     On April 1, Mooney Corporation purchased for $1,710,000 a tract of land on which was located a warehouse and office building. The following data were collected concerning the property:
                              Current Assessed Valuation        Vendor’s Original Cost
Land                                     $600,000                                 $560,000
Warehouse                            400,000                                   360,000
Office building                   800,000                               680,000
                                          $1,800,000                              $1,600,000
What are the appropriate amounts that Mooney should record for the land, warehouse, and office building, respectively?
a.   Land, $560,000; warehouse, $360,000; office building, $680,000.
b.   Land, $600,000; warehouse, $400,000; office building, $800,000.
c.   Land, $598,500; warehouse, $384,750; office building, $363,375.
d.   Land, $570,000; warehouse, $380,000; office building, $760,000.

104.     On August 1, 2012, Mendez Corporation purchased a new machine on a deferred payment basis. A down payment of $2,000 was made and 4 annual installments of $18,000 each are to be made beginning on September 1, 2012. The cash equivalent price of the machine was $69,000. Due to an employee strike, Mendez could not install the machine immediately, and thus incurred $900 of storage costs. Costs of installation (excluding the storage costs) amounted to $2,400. The amount to be capitalized as the cost of the machine is
a.   $69,000.
b.   $71,400.
c.   $72,300.
d.   $78,000.



105.     Siegle Company exchanged 600 shares of Guinn Company common stock, which Siegle was holding as an investment, for equipment from Mayo Company. The Guinn Company common stock, which had been purchased by Siegle for $50 per share, had a quoted market value of $58 per share at the date of exchange. The equipment had a recorded amount on Mayo's books of $31,500. What journal entry should Siegle make to record this exchange?
            a.   Equipment ............................................................................        30,000
                           Investment in Guinn Co. Common Stock ...................                               30,000
            b.   Equipment ............................................................................        31,500
                           Investment in Guinn Co. Common Stock ...................                               30,000
                           Gain on Disposal of Investment ..................................                                 1,500
            c.   Equipment ............................................................................        31,500
                  Loss on Disposal of Investment ..........................................          3,300
                           Investment in Guinn Co. Common Stock ...................                               34,800
            d.   Equipment ............................................................................        34,800
                           Investment in Guinn Co. Common Stock ...................                               30,000
                           Gain on Disposal of Investment ..................................                                 4,800

106.     On January 2, 2012, Rapid Delivery Company traded in an old delivery truck for a newer model. The exchange lacked commercial substance. Data relative to the old and new trucks follow:
Old Truck
Original cost                                                                           $36,000
Accumulated depreciation as of January 2, 2012                   24,000
Average published retail value                                                 11,000
New Truck
List price                                                                                $60,000
Cash price without trade-in                                                      54,000
Cash paid with trade-in                                                            45,000
What should be the cost of the new truck for financial accounting purposes?
a.   $45,000.
b.   $54,000.
c.   $57,000.
d.   $60,000.

107.     On December 1, 2012, Kelso Company acquired new equipment in exchange for old equipment that it had acquired in 2009. The old equipment was purchased for $70,000 and had a book value of $26,600. On the date of the exchange, the old equipment had a fair value of $28,000. In addition, Kelso paid $91,000 cash for the new equipment, which had a list price of $126,000. The exchange lacked commercial substance. At what amount should Kelso record the new equipment for financial accounting purposes?
a.   $91,000.
b.   $117,600.
c.   $119,000.
d.   $126,000.

Use the following information for questions 108 and 109.
A machine cost $360,000, has annual depreciation of $60,000, and has accumulated depreciation of $270,000 on December 31, 2012. On April 1, 2013, when the machine has a fair value of $82,500, it is exchanged for a machine with a fair value of $405,000 and the proper amount of cash is paid. The exchange lacked commercial substance.
108.     The gain to be recorded on the exchange is
a.   $0.
b.   $7,500 loss.
c.   $15,000 gain.
d.   $45,000 gain.
109.     The new machine should be recorded at
a.   $322,500.
b.   $367,500.
c.   $397,500.
d.   $405,000.

Use the following information for questions 110 and 111.

Equipment that cost $88,000 and has accumulated depreciation of $40,000 is exchanged for equipment with a fair value of $64,000 and $16,000 cash is received. The exchange lacked commercial substance.

110.     The gain to be recognized from the exchange is
a.   $6,400 gain.
b.   $8,000 gain.
c.   $24,000 gain.
d.   $32,000 gain.

111.     The new equipment should be recorded at
a.   $64,000.
b.   $48,000.
c.   $40,000.
d.   $38,400.

Use the following information for questions 112 through 114.

Two independent companies, Hager Co. and Shaw Co., are in the home building business. Each owns a tract of land held for development, but each would prefer to build on the other's land. They agree to exchange their land. An appraiser was hired, and from her report and the companies' records, the following information was obtained:
                                                                                        Hager's Land     Shaw's Land
                        Cost and book value                                    $576,000           $360,000
                        Fair value based upon appraisal                    720,000             630,000

The exchange was made, and based on the difference in appraised fair values, Shaw paid $90,000 to Hager. The exchange lacked commercial substance.

112.     For financial reporting purposes, Hager should recognize a pre-tax gain on this exchange of
a.   $0.
b.   $18,000.
c.   $90,000.
d.   $144,000.



113.     The new land should be recorded on Hager's books at
a.   $504,000.
b.   $576,000.
c.   $630,000.
d.   $720,000.

114.     The new land should be recorded on Shaw's books at
a.   $360,000.
b.   $450,000.
c.   $630,000.
d.   $720,000.

115.     Timmons Company traded machinery with a book value of $240,000 and a fair value of $400,000. It received in exchange from Lewis Company a machine with a fair value of $360,000 and cash of $40,000. Lewis’s machine has a book value of $380,000. What amount of gain should Timmons recognize on the exchange?
a.   $  -0-
b.   $16,000
c.   $40,000
d.   $160,000

116.     Lewis Company traded machinery with a book value of $570,000 and a fair value of $540,000. It received in exchange from Timmons Company a machine with a fair value of $600,000. Lewis also paid cash of $60,000 in the exchange. Timmons’s machine has a book value of $570,000. What amount of gain or loss should Lewis recognize on the exchange?
a.   $60,000 gain
b.   $  -0-.
c.   $3,000 loss
d.   $30,000 loss

117.     Durler Company traded machinery with a book value of $540,000 and a fair value of $900,000. It received in exchange from Hoyle Company a machine with a fair value of $810,000 and cash of $90,000. Hoyle’s machine has a book value of $855,000. What amount of gain should Durler recognize on the exchange?
a.   $   -0-
b.   $36,000
c.   $90,000
d.   $360,000

118.     Hoyle Company traded machinery with a book value of $570,000 and a fair value of $540,000. It received in exchange from Durler Company a machine with a fair value of $600,000. Hoyle also paid cash of $60,000 in the exchange. Durler’s machine has a book value of $570,000. What amount of gain or loss should Hoyle recognize on the exchange?
a.   $60,000 gain
b.   $  -0-
c.   $3,000 loss
d.   $30,000 loss



119.     Peterson Company purchased machinery for $480,000 on January 1, 2009. Straight-line depreciation has been recorded based on a $30,000 salvage value and a 5-year useful life. The machinery was sold on May 1, 2013 at a gain of $9,000. How much cash did Peterson receive from the sale of the machinery?
a.   $69,000
b.   $81,000
c.   $99,000
d.   $129,000

120.     Sutherland Company purchased machinery for $640,000 on January 1, 2009. Straight-line depreciation has been recorded based on a $40,000 salvage value and a 5-year useful life. The machinery was sold on May 1, 2013 at a gain of $12,000. How much cash did Sutherland receive from the sale of the machinery?
a.   $92,000.
b.   $108,000.
c.   $132,000.
d.   $172,000.

121.     Ecker Company purchased a new machine on May 1, 2004 for $264,000. At the time of acquisition, the machine was estimated to have a useful life of ten years and an estimated salvage value of $12,000. The company has recorded monthly depreciation using the straight-line method. On March 1, 2013, the machine was sold for $36,000. What should be the loss recognized from the sale of the machine?
a.   $0.
b.   $5,400.
c.   $12,000.
d.   $17,400.

122.     On January 1, 2004, Mill Corporation purchased for $304,000, equipment having a useful life of ten years and an estimated salvage value of $16,000. Mill has recorded monthly depreciation of the equipment on the straight-line method. On December 31, 2012, the equipment was sold for $56,000. As a result of this sale, Mill should recognize a gain of
a.   $0.
b.   $11,200.
c.   $27,200.
d.   $56,000.

Multiple Choice—CPA Adapted

123.     On December 1, 2012, Hogan Co. purchased a tract of land as a factory site for $900,000. The old building on the property was razed, and salvaged materials resulting from demolition were sold. Additional costs incurred and salvage proceeds realized during December 2012 were as follows:
Cost to raze old building                                                                          $70,000
Legal fees for purchase contract and to record ownership                      10,000
Title guarantee insurance                                                                          16,000
Proceeds from sale of salvaged materials                                                  8,000
In Hogan 's December 31, 2012 balance sheet, what amount should be reported as land?
a.   $926,000.
b.   $962,000.
c.   $988,000.
d.   $996,000.

124.     Land was purchased to be used as the site for the construction of a plant. A building on the property was sold and removed by the buyer so that construction on the plant could begin. The proceeds from the sale of the building should be
a.   classified as other income.
b.   deducted from the cost of the land.
c.   netted against the costs to clear the land and expensed as incurred.
d.   netted against the costs to clear the land and amortized over the life of the plant.

125.     A company is constructing an asset for its own use. Construction began in 2012. The asset is being financed entirely with a specific new borrowing. Construction expenditures were made in 2012 and 2013 at the end of each quarter. The total amount of interest cost capitalized in 2013 should be determined by applying the interest rate on the specific new borrowing to the
a.   total accumulated expenditures for the asset in 2012 and 2013.
b.   average accumulated expenditures for the asset in 2012 and 2013.
c.   average expenditures for the asset in 2013.
d.   total expenditures for the asset in 2013.

126.     Colt Football Co. had a player contract with Watts that is recorded in its books at $4,800,000 on July 1, 2012. Day Football Co. had a player contract with Kurtz that is recorded in its books at $6,000,000 on July 1, 2012. On this date, Colt traded Watts to Day for Kurtz and paid a cash difference of $600,000. The fair value of the Kurtz contract was $7,200,000 on the exchange date. The exchange had no commercial substance. After the exchange, the Kurtz contract should be recorded in Colt's books at
a.   $5,400,000.
b.   $6,000,000.
c.   $6,600,000.
d.   $7,200,000.



127.     Huff Co. exchanged nonmonetary assets with Sayler Co. No cash was exchanged and the exchange had no commercial substance. The carrying amount of the asset surrendered by Huff exceeded both the fair value of the asset received and Sayler's carrying amount of that asset. Huff should recognize the difference between the carrying amount of the asset it surrendered and
a.   the fair value of the asset it received as a loss.
b.   the fair value of the asset it received as a gain.
c.   Sayler's carrying amount of the asset it received as a loss.
d.   Sayler's carrying amount of the asset it received as a gain.

128.     Chase County owned an idle parcel of real estate consisting of land and a factory building. Chase gave title to this realty to Patton Co. as an incentive for Patton to establish manufacturing operations in the County. Patton paid nothing for this realty, which had a fair market value of $250,000 at the date of the grant. Patton should record this nonmonetary transaction as a
a.   memo entry only.
b.   credit to Contribution Revenue for $250,000.
c.   credit to Extraordinary Income for $250,000.
d.   credit to Donated Capital for $250,000.

129.     On September 10, 2012, Jenks Co. incurred the following costs for one of its printing presses:
Purchase of attachment                                                                          $65,000
Installation of attachment                                                                             5,000
Replacement parts for renovation of press                                               18,000
Labor and overhead in connection with renovation of press                       7,000
Neither the attachment nor the renovation increased the estimated useful life of the press. However, the renovation resulted in significantly increased productivity. What amount of the costs should be capitalized?
a.   $0.
b.   $77,000.
c.   $88,000.
d.   $95,000.

130.     On January 2, 2012, York Corp. replaced its boiler with a more efficient one. The following information was available on that date:
Purchase price of new boiler                                               $170,000
Carrying amount of old boiler                                                   10,000
Fair value of old boiler                                                                4,000
Installation cost of new boiler                                                   20,000
The old boiler was sold for $4,000. What amount should York capitalize as the cost of the new boiler?
a.   $190,000.
b.   $186,000.
c.   $180,000.
d.   $170,000.






Exercises

Ex. 10-131—Plant asset accounting.
During 2012 and 2013, Sawyer Corporation experienced several transactions involving plant assets. A number of errors were made in recording some of these transactions. For each item listed below, indicate the effect of the error (if any) in the blanks provided by using the following codes:
              O = Overstate;  U = Understate;  NE = No Effect

If no error was made, write NE in each of the four columns.

                                                                                           2012                                   2013            
                                                                             Net Book                           Net Book
                                                                              Value of                             Value of
                                                                                Plant             2012             Plant             2013
                                                                             Assets at           Net           Assets at           Net
      Transaction                                                    12/31/12        Income        12/31/13        Income




  _______      _______         _______      _______






  _______      _______         _______      _______




  _______      _______         _______      _______



  _______      _______         _______      _______



  _______      _______         _______      _______





  _______      _______         _______      _______
 

1.   The cost of installing a new computer system in 2012 was not recorded in 2012. It was charged to expense in 2013.

2.   In 2013 clerical workers were trained to use the new computer system at a cost of $15,000, which was erroneously capital-ized. The cost is to be written off over the expected life of the new computer system.

3.   A major overhaul of factory machinery in 2012, which extended its useful life by 5 years, was charged to accumulated depreciation in 2012.

4.   Interest cost qualifying for capitalization in 2012 was charged to interest expense in 2012.

5.   In 2012 land was bought for an employee parking lot. The $2,000 title search fee was charged to expense in 2012.

6.   The cost of moving several manufacturing facilities from metropolitan locations to suburban areas in 2012 was capitalized. The cost was written off over a 10-year period beginning in 2012.



Ex. 10-132—Weighted-Average Accumulated Expenditures.
On April 1, Paine Co. began construction of a small building. Payments of $180,000 were made monthly for four months beginning on April 1. The building was completed and ready for occupancy on August 1. For the purpose of determining the amount of interest cost to be capitalized, calculate the weighted-average accumulated expenditures on the building by completing the schedule below:

            Date               Expenditures       Capitalization Period      Weighted-Average Expenditures



Ex. 10-133—Capitalization of interest.
On March 1, Mocl Co. began construction of a small building. The following expenditures were incurred for construction:
            March 1     $  150,000                                    April 1        $  148,000
            May 1              360,000                                    June 1            540,000
            July 1              200,000
The building was completed and occupied on July 1. To help pay for construction $100,000 was borrowed on March 1 on a 12%, three-year note payable. The only other debt outstanding during the year was a $1,000,000, 10% note issued two years ago.

Instructions
(a)   Calculate the weighted-average accumulated expenditures.
(b)   Calculate avoidable interest.

Ex. 10-134—Nonmonetary exchange.
A machine cost $140,000, has annual depreciation expense of $28,000, and has accumulated depreciation of $70,000 on December 31, 2012. On April 1, 2013, when the machine has a fair value of $56,000, it is exchanged for a similar machine with a fair value of $168,000 and the proper amount of cash is paid. The exchange lacked commercial substance.

Instructions
Prepare all entries that are necessary at April 1, 2013.



Ex. 10-135—Nonmonetary exchange.
Equipment that cost $240,000 and has accumulated depreciation of $189,000 is exchanged for equipment with a fair value of $96,000 and $24,000 cash is received. The exchange lacked commercial substance.

Instructions
(a)   Show the calculation of the gain to be recognized from the exchange.
(b)   Prepare the entry for the exchange. Show a check of the amount recorded for the new equipment.


Ex. 10-136—Donated assets.
Cheng Company has recently decided to accept a proposal from the City of Bel Aire that publicly owned property with a large warehouse located on it will be donated to Cheng if Cheng will build a branch plant in Bel Aire. The appraised value of the property is $350,000 and of the warehouse is $700,000.

Instructions
Prepare the entry by Cheng for the receipt of the properties.




Ex. 10-137—Capitalizing vs. Expensing.
Consider each of the items below. Place the proper letter in the blank space provided to indicate the nature of the account or accounts to be debited when recording each transaction using the preferred accounting treatment. Prepayments should be recorded in balance sheet accounts. Disregard income tax considerations unless instructed otherwise.

      a.   asset(s) only
      b.   accumulated amortization, depletion, or depreciation only
      c.   expense only
      d.   asset(s) and expense
      e.   some other account or combination of accounts

_____ 1.    A motor in one of North Company’s trucks was overhauled at a cost of $600. It is expected that this will extend the life of the truck for two years.

_____ 2.    Machinery which had originally cost $130,000 was rearranged at a cost of $450, including installation, in order to improve production.

_____ 3.    Orlando Company recently purchased land and two buildings for a total cost of $35,000, and entered the purchase on the books. The $1,200 cost of razing the smaller building, which has an appraisal value of $6,200, is recorded.

_____ 4.    Jantzen Company traded its old machine with a net book value of $3,000 plus cash of $7,000 for a new one which had a fair market value of $9,000.

_____ 5.    Jim Parra and Mary Lawson, maintenance repair workers, spent five days in unloading and setting up a new $6,000 precision machine in the plant. The wages earned in this five-day period, $480, are recorded.

_____ 6.    On June 1, the Milton Hotel installed a sprinkler system throughout the building at a cost of $13,000. As a result the insurance rate was decreased by 40%.

_____ 7.    An improvement, which extended the life but not the usefulness of the asset, cost $6,000.

_____ 8.    The attic of the administration building was finished at a cost of $3,000 to provide an additional office.

_____ 9.    In March, the Lyon Theatre bought projection equipment on the installment basis. The contract price was $23,610, payable $5,610 down, and $2,250 a month for the next eight months. The cash price for this equipment was $22,530.

_____ 10.   Lambert Company recorded the first year’s interest on 6% $100,000 ten-year bonds sold a year ago at 94. The bonds were sold in order to finance the construction of a hydroelectric plant. Six months after the sale of the bonds, the construction of the hydroelectric plant was completed and operations were begun. (Only cash interest, and not discount amortization, is to be considered.)



PROBLEMS

Pr. 10-138—Capitalizing acquisition costs.
Gibbs Manufacturing Co. was incorporated on 1/2/12 but was unable to begin manufacturing activities until 8/1/12 because new factory facilities were not completed until that date. The Land and Buildings account at 12/31/12 per the books was as follows:
  Date                               Item                                                                                 Amount 
1/31/12            Land and dilapidated building                                                           $200,000
2/28/12            Cost of removing building                                                                      4,000
4/1/12              Legal fees                                                                                              6,000
5/1/12              Fire insurance premium payment                                                         5,400
5/1/12              Special tax assessment for streets                                                       4,500
5/1/12              Partial payment of new building construction                                    170,000
8/1/12              Final payment on building construction                                             170,000
8/1/12              General expenses                                                                                30,000
12/31/12          Asset write-up                                                                                   75,000
                                                                                                                                 $664,900
Additional information:
1.   To acquire the land and building on 1/31/12, the company paid $100,000 cash and 1,000 shares of its common stock (par value = $100/share) which is very actively traded and had a fair value per share of $140.
2.   When the old building was removed, Gibbs paid Kwik Demolition Co. $4,000, but also received $1,500 from the sale of salvaged material.
3.   Legal fees covered the following:
            Cost of organization                                                                                               $2,500
            Examination of title covering purchase of land                                                        2,000
            Legal work in connection with the building construction                                        1,500
                                                                                                                                           $6,000
4.   The fire insurance premium covered premiums for a three-year term beginning May 1, 2012.
5.   General expenses covered the following for the period 1/2/12 to 8/1/12.
            President's salary                                                                                                $20,000
            Plant superintendent covering supervision of new building                                 10,000
                                                                                                                                         $30,000
6.   Because of the rising land costs, the president was sure that the land was worth at least $75,000 more than what it cost the company.
Instructions
Determine the proper balances as of 12/31/12 for a separate land account and a separate buildings account. Use separate T-accounts (one for land and one for buildings) labeling all the relevant amounts and disclosing all computations.

Pr. 10-139—Capitalization of interest.
During 2012, Barden Building Company constructed various assets at a total cost of $10,500,000.  The weighted average accumulated expenditures on assets qualifying for capitalization of interest during 2012 were $7,000,000. The company had the following debt outstanding at
December 31, 2012:

1.   10%, 5-year note to finance construction of various assets,
      dated January 1, 2012, with interest payable annually on January 1                      $4,500,000

2.   12%, ten-year bonds issued at par on December 31, 2006, with interest
      payable annually on December 31                                                                            5,000,000

3.   9%, 3-year note payable, dated January 1, 2011, with interest payable
      annually on January 1                                                                                                2,500,000

Instructions
Compute the amounts of each of the following (show computations).
1.   Avoidable interest.
2.   Total interest to be capitalized during 2012.




Pr. 10-140—Capitalization of interest.
Early in 2012, Dobbs Corporation engaged Kiner, Inc. to design and construct a complete modernization of Dobbs's manufacturing facility. Construction was begun on June 1, 2012 and was completed on December 31, 2012. Dobbs made the following payments to Kiner, Inc. during 2012:
Date                                                Payment 
June 1, 2012                                 $4,800,000
August 31, 2012                              7,200,000
December 31, 2012                        6,000,000
In order to help finance the construction, Dobbs issued the following during 2012:
1.   $4,000,000 of 10-year, 9% bonds payable, issued at par on May 31, 2012, with interest payable annually on May 31.
2.   1,000,000 shares of no-par common stock, issued at $10 per share on October 1, 2012.
In addition to the 9% bonds payable, the only debt outstanding during 2012 was a $1,000,000, 12% note payable dated January 1, 2008 and due January 1, 2018, with interest payable annually on January 1.

Instructions
Compute the amounts of each of the following (show computations):
1.   Weighted-average accumulated expenditures qualifying for capitalization of interest cost.
2.   Avoidable interest incurred during 2012.
3.   Total amount of interest cost to be capitalized during 2012.


Pr. 10-141—Asset acquisition.
Ford Inc. plans to acquire an additional machine on January 1, 2012 to meet the growing demand for its product. Stever Company offers to provide the machine to Ford using either of the options listed below (each option gives Ford exactly the same machine and gives Stever Company approximately the same net present value cash equivalent at 10%).
               Option 1 —   Cash purchase $1,600,000.
               Option 2 —   Installment purchase requiring 15 annual payments of $210,358 due December 31 each year.

The expected economic life of this machine to Ford is 15 years. Salvage value at that time is estimated to be $100,000. Straight-line depreciation is used. Interest expense under Option 2 is computed using the effective interest method.

Instructions
Based upon current generally accepted accounting principles, state how, if at all, the book value of the machine and the liability should appear on the December 31, 2012 balance sheet of Ford Inc., for each option. Present your answer on an answer sheet in the following format. If an item should not appear in the balance sheet, write "not shown" opposite the option.


Pr. 10-142—Nonmonetary exchanges.
Moore Corporation follows a policy of a 10% depreciation charge per year on all machinery and a 5% depreciation charge per year on buildings. The following transactions occurred in 2013:
March 31, 2013— Negotiations which began in 2012 were completed and a building purchased 1/1/04 (depreciation has been properly charged through December 31, 2012) at a cost of $4,800,000 with a fair value of $3,000,000 was exchanged for a second building which also had a fair value of $3,000,000. The exchange had no commercial substance. Both parcels of land on which the buildings were located were equal in value, and had a fair value equal to book value.

June 30, 2013—    Machinery with a cost of $480,000 and accumulated depreciation through January 1 of $360,000 was exchanged with $300,000 cash for a parcel of land with a fair value of $460,000.

Instructions
Prepare all appropriate journal entries for Moore Corporation for the above dates.



Pr. 10-143—Nonmonetary exchange.
Rogers Co. had a sheet metal cutter that cost $144,000 on January 5, 2008. This old cutter had an estimated life of ten years and a salvage value of $24,000. On April 3, 2013, the old cutter is exchanged for a new cutter with a fair value of $72,000. The exchange lacked commercial substance. Rogers also received $18,000 cash. Assume that the last fiscal period ended on December 31, 2012, and that straight-line depreciation is used.

Instructions
(a)   Show the calculation of the amount of the gain or loss to be recognized by Rogers Co.
(b)   Prepare all entries that are necessary on April 3, 2013. Show a check of the amount recorded for the new cutter.


Pr. 10-144—Nonmonetary exchange.
Layne Co. has a machine that cost $425,000 on March 20, 2009. This old machine had an estimated life of ten years and a salvage value of $25,000. On December 23, 2013, the old machine is exchanged for a new machine with a fair value of $270,000. The exchange lacked commercial substance. Layne also received $30,000 cash. Assume that the last fiscal period ended on December 31, 2012, and that straight-line depreciation is used.

Instructions
(a) Show the calculation of the amount of gain or loss to be recognized by Layne Co. from the exchange.  (Round to the nearest dollar.)
(b) Prepare all entries that are necessary on December 23, 2013. Show a check of the amount recorded for the new machine.


Pr. 10-145—Nonmonetary exchange.
Hodge Co. exchanged Building 24 which has an appraised value of $6,400,000, a cost of $10,120,000, and accumulated depreciation of $4,800,000 for Building M belonging to Fine Co. Building M has an appraised value of $6,016,000, a cost of $12,040,000, and accumulated depreciation of $6,336,000. The correct amount of cash was also paid. Assume depreciation has already been updated.

Instructions
Prepare the entries on both companies' books assuming the exchange had no commercial substance. Show a check of the amount recorded for Building M on Hodge's books. (Round to the nearest dollar.)


Pr. 10-146—Nonmonetary exchange.
Beeman Company exchanged machinery with an appraised value of $2,925,000, a recorded cost of $4,500,000 and accumulated depreciation of $2,250,000 with Lacey Corporation for machinery Lacey owns. The machinery has an appraised value of $2,825,000, a recorded cost of $5,400,000, and accumulated depreciation of $2,970,000. Lacey also gave Beeman $100,000 in the exchange. Assume depreciation has already been updated.

Instructions
(a)   Prepare the entries on both companies' books assuming that the exchange had commercial substance.  (Round all computations to the nearest dollar.)
(b)   Prepare the entries on both companies' books assuming that the exchange lacked commercial substance.  (Round all computations to the nearest dollar.)