Solutions Manual and Test Bank of Intermediate Accounting Kieso Weygandt Warfield 15th edition

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Chapter 17 INVESTMENTS

MULTIPLE CHOICE—Conceptual

21. Which of the following is not a debt security?
a. Convertible bonds
b. Commercial paper
c. Loans receivable
d. All of these are debt securities.

22. A correct valuation is
a. available-for-sale at amortized cost.
b. held-to-maturity at amortized cost.
c. held-to-maturity at fair value.
d. none of these.
23. Securities which could be classified as held-to-maturity are
a. redeemable preferred stock.
b. warrants.
c. municipal bonds.
d. treasury stock.

24. Unrealized holding gains or losses which are recognized in income are from securities classified as
a. held-to-maturity.
b. available-for-sale.
c. trading.
d. none of these.

P25. When an investor's accounting period ends on a date that does not coincide with an interest receipt date for bonds held as an investment, the investor must
a. make an adjusting entry to debit Interest Receivable and to credit Interest Revenue for the amount of interest accrued since the last interest receipt date.
b. notify the issuer and request that a special payment be made for the appropriate portion of the interest period.
c. make an adjusting entry to debit Interest Receivable and to credit Interest Revenue for the total amount of interest to be received at the next interest receipt date.
d. do nothing special and ignore the fact that the accounting period does not coincide with the bond's interest period.

S26. Debt securities that are accounted for at amortized cost, not fair value, are
a. held-to-maturity debt securities.
b. trading debt securities.
c. available-for-sale debt securities.
d. never-sell debt securities.

S27. Debt securities acquired by a corporation which are accounted for by recognizing unrealized holding gains or losses and are included as other comprehensive income and as a separate component of stockholders' equity are
a. held-to-maturity debt securities.
b. trading debt securities.
c. available-for-sale debt securities.
d. never-sell debt securities.

S28. Use of the effective-interest method in amortizing bond premiums and discounts results in
a. a greater amount of interest income over the life of the bond issue than would result from use of the straight-line method.
b. a varying amount being recorded as interest income from period to period.
c. a variable rate of return on the book value of the investment.
d. a smaller amount of interest income over the life of the bond issue than would result from use of the straight-line method.

S29. Equity securities acquired by a corporation which are accounted for by recognizing unrealized holding gains or losses as other comprehensive income and as a separate component of stockholders' equity are
a. available-for-sale securities where a company has holdings of less than 20%.
b. trading securities where a company has holdings of less than 20%.
c securities where a company has holdings of between 20% and 50%.
d. securities where a company has holdings of more than 50%.
30. A requirement for a security to be classified as held-to-maturity is
a. ability to hold the security to maturity.
b. positive intent.
c. the security must be a debt security.
d. All of these are required.

31. Held-to-maturity securities are reported at
a. acquisition cost.
b. acquisition cost plus amortization of a discount.
c. acquisition cost plus amortization of a premium.
d. fair value.

32. Watt Co. purchased $300,000 of bonds for $315,000. If Watt intends to hold the securities to maturity, the entry to record the investment includes
a. a debit to Held-to-Maturity Securities at $300,000.
b. a credit to Premium on Investments of $15,000.
c. a debit to Held-to-Maturity Securities at $315,000.
d. none of these.

33. Which of the following is not correct in regard to trading securities?
a. They are held with the intention of selling them in a short period of time.
b. Unrealized holding gains and losses are reported as part of net income.
c. Any discount or premium is not amortized.
d. All of these are correct.

34. In accounting for investments in debt securities that are classified as trading securities,
a. a discount is reported separately.
b. a premium is reported separately.
c. any discount or premium is not amortized.
d. none of these.

35. Investments in debt securities are generally recorded at
a. cost including accrued interest.
b. maturity value.
c. cost including brokerage and other fees.
d. maturity value with a separate discount or premium account.

36. Jordan Co. purchased ten-year, 10% bonds that pay interest semiannually. The bonds are sold to yield 8%. One step in calculating the issue price of the bonds is to multiply the principal by the table value for
a. 10 periods and 10% from the present value of 1 table.
b. 10 periods and 8% from the present value of 1 table.
c. 20 periods and 5% from the present value of 1 table.
d. 20 periods and 4% from the present value of 1 table.

37. Investments in debt securities should be recorded on the date of acquisition at
a. lower of cost or market.
b. market value.
c. market value plus brokerage fees and other costs incident to the purchase.
d. face value plus brokerage fees and other costs incident to the purchase.


38. An available-for-sale debt security is purchased at a discount. The entry to record the amortization of the discount includes a
a. debit to Available-for-Sale Securities.
b. debit to the discount account.
c. debit to Interest Revenue.
d. none of these.

39. APB Opinion No. 21 specifies that, regarding the amortization of a premium or discount on a debt security, the
a. effective-interest method of allocation must be used.
b. straight-line method of allocation must be used.
c. effective-interest method of allocation should be used but other methods can be applied if there is no material difference in the results obtained.
d. par value method must be used and therefore no allocation is necessary.

40. Which of the following is correct about the effective-interest method of amortization?
a. The effective interest method applied to investments in debt securities is different from that applied to bonds payable.
b. Amortization of a discount decreases from period to period.
c. Amortization of a premium decreases from period to period.
d. The effective-interest method produces a constant rate of return on the book value of the investment from period to period.

41. When investments in debt securities are purchased between interest payment dates, preferably the
a. securities account should include accrued interest.
b. accrued interest is debited to Interest Expense.
c. accrued interest is debited to Interest Revenue.
d. accrued interest is debited to Interest Receivable.

42. Which of the following is not generally correct about recording a sale of a debt security before maturity date?
a. Accrued interest will be received by the seller even though it is not an interest payment date.
b. An entry must be made to amortize a discount to the date of sale.
c. The entry to amortize a premium to the date of sale includes a credit to the Premium on Investments in Debt Securities.
d. A gain or loss on the sale is not extraordinary.

S43. When a company has acquired a "passive interest" in another corporation, the acquiring company should account for the investment
a. by using the equity method.
b. by using the fair value method.
c. by using the effective interest method.
d. by consolidation.


S44. Santo Corporation declares and distributes a cash dividend that is a result of current earnings. How will the receipt of those dividends affect the investment account of the investor under each of the following accounting methods?
Fair Value Method Equity Method
a. No Effect Decrease
b. Increase Decrease
c. No Effect No Effect
d. Decrease No Effect

P45. An investor has a long-term investment in stocks. Regular cash dividends received by the investor are recorded as
Fair Value Method Equity Method
a. Income Income
b. A reduction of the investment A reduction of the investment
c. Income A reduction of the investment
d. A reduction of the investment Income

46. When a company holds between 20% and 50% of the outstanding stock of an investee, which of the following statements applies?
a. The investor should always use the equity method to account for its investment.
b. The investor should use the equity method to account for its investment unless circum-stances indicate that it is unable to exercise "significant influence" over the investee.
c. The investor must use the fair value method unless it can clearly demonstrate the ability to exercise "significant influence" over the investee.
d. The investor should always use the fair value method to account for its investment.

47. If the parent company owns 90% of the subsidiary company's outstanding common stock, the company should generally account for the income of the subsidiary under the
a. cost method.
b. fair value method.
c. divesture method.
d. equity method.

48. Koehn Corporation accounts for its investment in the common stock of Sells Company under the equity method. Koehn Corporation should ordinarily record a cash dividend received from Sells as
a. a reduction of the carrying value of the investment.
b. additional paid-in capital.
c. an addition to the carrying value of the investment.
d. dividend income.

49. Under the equity method of accounting for investments, an investor recognizes its share of the earnings in the period in which the
a. investor sells the investment.
b. investee declares a dividend.
c. investee pays a dividend.
d. earnings are reported by the investee in its financial statements.


50. Judd, Inc., owns 35% of Cosby Corporation. During the calendar year 2012, Cosby had net earnings of $300,000 and paid dividends of $30,000. Judd mistakenly recorded these transactions using the fair value method rather than the equity method of accounting. What effect would this have on the investment account, net income, and retained earnings, respectively?
a. Understate, overstate, overstate
b. Overstate, understate, understate
c. Overstate, overstate, overstate
d. Understate, understate, understate

51. Dublin Co. holds a 30% stake in Club Co. which was purchased in 2013 at a cost of $3,000,000. After applying the equity method, the Investment in Club Co. account has a balance of $3,040,000. At December 31, 2013 the fair value of the investment is $3,120,000. Which of the following values is acceptable for Dublin to use in its balance sheet at December 31, 2013?
      I. $3,000,000
      II. $3,040,000
      III. $3,120,000
a. I, II, or III.
b. I or II only.
c. II only.
d. II or III only.

52. The fair value option allows a company to
a. value its own liabilities at fair value.
b. record income when the fair value of its bonds increases.
c. report most financial instruments at fair value by recording gains and losses as a separate component of stockholders’ equity.
d. All of the above are true of the fair value option.

53. Impairments are
a. based on discounted cash flows for securities.
b. recognized as a realized loss if the impairment is judged to be temporary.
c. based on fair value for available-for-sale investments and on negotiated values for held-to-maturity investments.
d. evaluated at each reporting date for every investment.

54. A reclassification adjustment is reported in the
a. income statement as an Other revenue or expense.
b. stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet.
c. statement of comprehensive income as other comprehensive income.
d. statement of stockholders’ equity.

55. When an investment in a held-to-maturity security is transferred to an available-for-sale security, the carrying value assigned to the available-for-sale security should be
a. its original cost.
b. its fair value at the date of the transfer.
c. the lower of its original cost or its fair value at the date of the transfer.
d. the higher of its original cost or its fair value at the date of the transfer.

56. When an investment in an available-for-sale security is transferred to trading because the company anticipates selling the stock in the near future, the carrying value assigned to the investment upon entering it in the trading portfolio should be
a. its original cost.
b. its fair value at the date of the transfer.
c. the higher of its original cost or its fair value at the date of the transfer.
d. the lower of its original cost or its fair value at the date of the transfer.

P57. A debt security is transferred from one category to another. Generally acceptable accounting principles require that for this particular reclassification (1) the security be transferred at fair value at the date of transfer, and (2) the unrealized gain or loss at the date of transfer currently carried as a separate component of stockholders' equity be amortized over the remaining life of the security. What type of transfer is being described?
a. Transfer from trading to available-for-sale
b. Transfer from available-for-sale to trading
c. Transfer from held-to-maturity to available-for-sale
d. Transfer from available-for-sale to held-to-maturity

58. “Gains trading” or “cherry picking” involves
a. moving securities whose value has decreased since acquisition from available-for-sale to held-to-maturity in order to avoid reporting losses.
b. reporting investment securities at fair value but liabilities at amortized cost.
c. selling securities whose value has increased since acquisition while holding those whose value has decreased since acquisition.
d. All of the above are considered methods of “gains trading” or “cherry picking.”

59. Transfers between categories
a. result in companies omitting recognition of fair value in the year of the transfer.
b. are accounted for at fair value for all transfers.
c. are considered unrealized and unrecognized if transferred out of held-to-maturity into trading.
d. will always result in an impact on net income.

*60. Companies that attempt to exploit inefficiencies in various derivative markets by attempting to lock in profits by simultaneously entering into transactions in two or more markets are called
a. arbitrageurs.
b. gamblers.
c. hedgers.
d. speculators.

*61. All of the following statements regarding accounting for derivatives are correct except that
a. they should be recognized in the financial statements as assets and liabilities.
b. they should be reported at fair value.
c. gains and losses resulting from speculation should be deferred.
d. gains and losses resulting from hedge transactions are reported in different ways, depending upon the type of hedge.


*62. All of the following are characteristics of a derivative financial instrument except the instrument
a. has one or more underlyings and an identified payment provision.
b. requires a large investment at the inception of the contract.
c. requires or permits net settlement.
d. All of these are characteristics.

*63. Which of the following are considered equity securities?
I. Convertible debt.
II. Redeemable preferred stock.
III. Call or put options.
a. I and II only.
b. I and III only.
c. II only.
d. III only.

*64. The accounting for fair value hedges records the derivative at its
a. amortized cost.
b. carrying value.
c. fair value.
d. historical cost.

*65. Gains or losses on cash flow hedges are
a. ignored completely.
b. recorded in equity, as part of other comprehensive income.
c. reported directly in net income.
d. reported directly in retained earnings.

*66. An option to convert a convertible bond into shares of common stock is a(n)
a. embedded derivative.
b. host security.
c. hybrid security.
d. fair value hedge.

*67. All of the following are requirements for disclosures related to financial instruments except
a. disclosing the fair value and related carrying value of the instruments.
b. distinguishing between financial instruments held or issued for purposes other than trading.
c. combining or netting the fair value of separate financial instruments.
d. displaying as a separate classification of other comprehensive income the net gain/loss on derivative instruments designated in cash flow hedges.

*68. A variable-interest entity has
a. insufficient equity investment at risk.
b. stockholders who have decision-making rights.
c. stockholders who absorb the losses or receive the benefits of a normal stockholder.
d. All of the above are characteristics of a variable-interest entity.


*69. Under U.S. GAAP, which of the following models may be used to determine if an investment is consolidated?
Risk-and-reward model Voting-interest approach
a. Yes No
b. No Yes
c. No No
d. Yes Yes


MULTIPLE CHOICE—Computational

70. On August 1, 2012, Dambro Co. acquired 400, $1,000, 9% bonds at 97 plus accrued interest. The bonds were dated May 1, 2012, and mature on April 30, 2018, with interest paid each October 31 and April 30. The bonds will be added to Dambro’s available-for-sale portfolio. The preferred entry to record the purchase of the bonds on
August 1, 2012 is
a. Debt Investments 397,000
Cash 397,000
b. Debt Investments 388,000
Interest Receivable 9,000
Cash 397,000
c. Debt Investments 388,000
Interest Revenue 9,000
Cash 397,000
  d. Debt Investments 400,000
Interest Revenue 9,000
Discount on Debt Investments 12,000
Cash 397,000

71. Kern Company purchased bonds with a face amount of $600,000 between interest payment dates. Kern purchased the bonds at 102, paid brokerage costs of $9,000, and paid accrued interest for three months of $15,000. The amount to record as the cost of this long-term investment in bonds is
a. $636,000.
b. $621,000.
c. $612,000.
d. $600,000.
Use the following information for questions 72 and 73.

Patton Company purchased $600,000 of 10% bonds of Scott Co. on January 1, 2013, paying $564,150. The bonds mature January 1, 2023; interest is payable each July 1 and January 1. The discount of $35,850 provides an effective yield of 11%. Patton Company uses the effective-interest method and plans to hold these bonds to maturity.

72. On July 1, 2013, Patton Company should increase its Debt Investments account for the Scott Co. bonds by
a. $3,588.
b. $2,056.
c. $1,794.
d. $1,028.

73. For the year ended December 31, 2013, Patton Company should report interest revenue from the Scott Co. bonds of:
a. $63,588.
b. $62,113.
c. $62,052.
d. $60,000.

Use the following information for questions 74 and 75.
Landis Co. purchased $1,000,000 of 8%, 5-year bonds from Ritter, Inc. on January 1, 2012, with interest payable on July 1 and January 1. The bonds sold for $1,041,580 at an effective interest rate of 7%. Using the effective-interest method, Landis Co. decreased the Available-for-Sale Debt Securities account for the Ritter, Inc. bonds on July 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012 by the amortized premiums of $3,540 and $3,660, respectively.

74. At December 31, 2012, the fair value of the Ritter, Inc. bonds was $1,060,000. What should Landis Co. report as other comprehensive income and as a separate component of stockholders' equity?
a. $25,620.
b. $18,420.
c. $7,200.
d. No entry should be made.

75. At April 1, 2013, Landis Co. sold the Ritter bonds for $1,030,000. After accruing for interest, the carrying value of the Ritter bonds on April 1, 2013 was $1,033,750. Assuming Landis Co. has a portfolio of Available-for-Sale Debt Securities, what should Landis Co. report as a gain or loss on the bonds?
a. ($29,370).
b. ($21,870).
c. ($3,750).
d. $ 0.


76. On August 1, 2012, Fowler Company acquired $600,000 face value 10% bonds of Kasnic Corporation at 104 plus accrued interest. The bonds were dated May 1, 2012, and mature on April 30, 2017, with interest payable each October 31 and April 30. The bonds will be held to maturity. What entry should Fowler make to record the purchase of the bonds on August 1, 2012?
a. Debt Investments 624,000
Interest Revenue 15,000
Cash 639,000
b. Debt Investments 639,000
Cash 639,000
c. Debt Investments 639,000
Interest Revenue 15,000
Cash 624,000
d. Debt Investments 600,000
Premium on Bonds 39,000
Cash 639,000

77. On October 1, 2012, Renfro Co. purchased to hold to maturity, 2,000, $1,000, 9% bonds for $1,980,000 which includes $30,000 accrued interest. The bonds, which mature on February 1, 2021, pay interest semiannually on February 1 and August 1. Renfro uses the straight-line method of amortization. The bonds should be reported in the December 31, 2012 balance sheet at a carrying value of
a. $1,950,000.
b. $1,951,500.
c. $1,980,000.
d. $1,980,500.

78. On November 1, 2012, Howell Company purchased 900 of the $1,000 face value, 9% bonds of Ramsey, Incorporated, for $948,000, which includes accrued interest of $13,500. The bonds, which mature on January 1, 2017, pay interest semiannually on March 1 and September 1. Assuming that Howell uses the straight-line method of amortization and that the bonds are appropriately classified as available-for-sale, the net carrying value of the bonds should be shown on Howell's December 31, 2012, balance sheet at
a. $900,000.
b. $934,500.
c. $933,120.
d. $948,000.

79. On November 1, 2012, Horton Co. purchased Lopez, Inc., 10-year, 9%, bonds with a face value of $500,000, for $450,000. An additional $15,000 was paid for the accrued interest. Interest is payable semiannually on January 1 and July 1. The bonds mature on July 1, 2019. Horton uses the straight-line method of amortization. Ignoring income taxes, the amount reported in Horton's 2012 income statement as a result of Horton's available-for-sale investment in Lopez was
a. $8,750.
b. $8,333.
c. $7,500.
d. $6,666.


80. On October 1, 2012, Menke Co. purchased to hold to maturity, 500, $1,000, 9% bonds for $520,000. An additional $15,000 was paid for accrued interest. Interest is paid semiannually on December 1 and June 1 and the bonds mature on December 1, 2016. Menke uses straight-line amortization. Ignoring income taxes, the amount reported in Menke's 2012 income statement from this investment should be
a. $11,250.
b. $10,050.
c. $12,450.
d. $13,650.

81. During 2010, Hauke Co. purchased 3,000, $1,000, 9% bonds. The carrying value of the bonds at December 31, 2012 was $2,940,000. The bonds mature on March 1, 2017, and pay interest on March 1 and September 1. Hauke sells 1,500 bonds on September 1, 2014, for $1,482,000, after the interest has been received. Hauke uses straight-line amortization. The gain on the sale is
a. $0.
b. $7,200.
c. $12,000.
d. $16,800.

Use the following information for 82 and 83.

On January 3, 2012, Moss Co. acquires $400,000 of Adam Company’s 10-year, 10% bonds at a price of $425,672 to yield 9%. Interest is payable each December 31. The bonds are classified as held-to-maturity.

82. Assuming that Moss Co. uses the effective-interest method, what is the amount of interest revenue that would be recognized in 2013 related to these bonds?
a. $40,000
b. $42,568
c. $38,312
*d. $38,160

83. Assuming that Moss Co. uses the straight-line method, what is the amount of premium amortization that would be recognized in 2014 related to these bonds?
a. $2,568
b. $1,688
c. $1,840
d. $2,008

Questions 84 and 85 are based on the following information:

Richman Co. purchased $600,000 of 8%, 5-year bonds from Carlin, Inc. on January 1, 2012, with interest payable on July 1 and January 1. The bonds sold for $624,948 at an effective interest rate of 7%. Using the effective interest method, Richman Co. decreased the Available-for-Sale Debt Securities account for the Carlin, Inc. bonds on July 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012 by the amortized premiums of $2,124 and $2,196, respectively.


84. At December 31, 2012, the fair value of the Carlin, Inc. bonds was $636,000. What should Richman Co. report as other comprehensive income and as a separate component of stockholders’ equity?
a. $0
b. $4,320
c. $11,052
d. $15,372

85. At February 1, 2013, Richman Co. sold the Carlin bonds for $618,000. After accruing for interest, the carrying value of the Carlin bonds on February 1, 2013 was $620,250. Assuming Richman Co. has a portfolio of available-for-sale debt investments, what should Richman Co. report as a gain (or loss) on the bonds?
a. $0.
b. ($2,250).
c. ($13,122).
d. ($17,622).

86. During 2012 Logic Company purchased 6,000 shares of Midi, Inc. for $30 per share. The investment was classified as a trading security. During the year Logic Company sold 1,500 shares of Midi, Inc. for $35 per share. At December 31, 2012 the market price of Midi, Inc.’s stock was $28 per share. What is the total amount of gain/(loss) that Logic Company will report in its income statement for the year ended December 31, 2012 related to its investment in Midi, Inc. stock?
a. ($12,000)
b. $7,500
c. ($4,500)
d. ($1,500)

Use the following information for questions 87 and 88.

Instrument Corp. has the following investments which were held throughout 2012–2013:
Fair Value
   Cost     12/31/12 12/31/13
Trading $450,000 $600,000 $570,000
Available-for-sale  450,000  480,000  540,000

87. What amount of gain or loss would Instrument Corp. report in its income statement for the year ended December 31, 2013 related to its investments?
a. $30,000 gain.
b. $30,000 loss.
c. $210,000 gain.
d. $120,000 gain.

88. What amount would be reported as accumulated other comprehensive income related to investments in Instrument Corp.’s balance sheet at December 31, 2012?
a. $60,000 gain.
b. $90,000 gain.
c. $30,000 gain.
d. $180,000 gain.


89. At December 31, 2013, Atlanta Co. has a stock portfolio valued at $120,000. Its cost was $99,000. If the Securities Fair Value Adjustment (Available-for-Sale) has a debit balance of $6,000, which of the following journal entries is required at December 31, 2013?
a. Fair Value Adjustment 21,000
(available-for-sale)
Unrealized Holding Gain or Loss-Equity 21,000
b. Fair Value Adjustment 15,000
(available-for-sale)
Unrealized Holding Gain or Loss-Equity 15,000
c. Unrealized Holding Gain or Loss-Equity 21,000
Fair Value Adjustment 21,000
(available-for-sale)
d. Unrealized Holding Gain or Loss-Equity 15,000
Fair Value Adjustment 15,000
(available-for-sale)

90. Kramer Company's trading securities portfolio which is appropriately included in current assets is as follows:
December 31, 2012
   Fair Unrealized
  Cost   Value Gain (Loss)
Catlett Corp. $250,000  $205,000 $(45,000)
Lyman, Inc.  245,000  265,000   20,000
$495,000 $470,000 $(25,000)
Ignoring income taxes, what amount should be reported as a charge against income in Kramer's 2012 income statement if 2012 is Kramer's first year of operation?
a. $0.
b. $20,000.
c. $25,000.
d. $45,000.

91. On its December 31, 2012, balance sheet, Trump Co. reported its investment in available-for-sale securities, which had cost $600,000, at fair value of $550,000. At December 31, 2013, the fair value of the securities was $585,000. What should Trump report on its 2013 income statement as a result of the increase in fair value of the investments in 2013?
a. $0.
b. Unrealized loss of $15,000.
c. Realized gain of $35,000.
d. Unrealized gain of $35,000.

92. During 2012, Woods Company purchased 40,000 shares of Holmes Corp. common stock for $630,000 as an available-for-sale investment. The fair value of these shares was $600,000 at December 31, 2012. Woods sold all of the Holmes stock for $17 per share on December 3, 2013, incurring $28,000 in brokerage commissions. Woods Company should report a realized gain on the sale of stock in 2013 of
a. $22,000.
b. $50,000.
c. $52,000.
d. $80,000.


Use the following information for questions 93 and 94.

On its December 31, 2012 balance sheet, Calhoun Company appropriately reported a $10,000 debit balance in its Fair Value Adjustment (available-for-sale) account. There was no change during 2013 in the composition of Calhoun’s portfolio of equity investments held as available-for-sale securities. The following information pertains to that portfolio:
Security    Cost Fair value at 12/31/13
X $125,000 $160,000
Y 100,000 85,000
Z  175,000  125,000
$400,000 $370,000

93. What amount of unrealized loss on these securities should be included in Calhoun's stockholders' equity section of the balance sheet at December 31, 2013?
a. $40,000.
b. $30,000.
c. $10,000.
d. $0.

94. The amount of unrealized loss to appear as a component of comprehensive income for the year ending December 31, 2013 is
a. $40,000.
b. $30,000.
c. $10,000.
d. $0.

95. On January 2, 2013 Pod Company purchased 25% of the outstanding common stock of Jobs, Inc. and subsequently used the equity method to account for the investment. During 2013 Jobs, Inc. reported net income of $630,000 and distributed dividends of $270,000. The ending balance in the Investment in Pod Company account at December 31, 2013 was $480,000 after applying the equity method during 2013. What was the purchase price Pod Company paid for its investment in Jobs, Inc?
a. $255,000
b. $390,000
c. $570,000
d. $705,000

96. Ziegler Corporation purchased 25,000 shares of common stock of the Sherman Corporation for $40 per share on January 2, 2010. Sherman Corporation had 100,000 shares of common stock outstanding during 2013, paid cash dividends of $120,000 during 2013, and reported net income of $400,000 for 2013. Ziegler Corporation should report revenue from investment for 2013 in the amount of
a. $30,000.
b. $70,000.
c. $100,000.
d. $110,000.

Use the following information for questions 97 and 98.

Harrison Co. owns 20,000 of the 50,000 outstanding shares of Taylor, Inc. common stock. During 2013, Taylor earns $1,200,000 and pays cash dividends of $960,000.
97. If the beginning balance in the investment account was $750,000, the balance at December 31, 2013 should be
a. $1,230,000.
b. $990,000.
c. $846,000.
d. $750,000.

98. Harrison should report investment revenue for 2013 of
a. $480,000.
b. $384,000.
c. $96,000.
d. $0.

Use the following information for questions 99 through 102.

The summarized balance sheets of Goebel Company and Dobbs Company as of December 31, 2012 are as follows:
Goebel Company
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2012
Assets $1,200,000

Liabilities $   150,000
Capital stock 600,000
Retained earnings     450,000
Total equities $1,200,000
Dobbs Company
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2012
Assets $900,000

Liabilities $225,000
Capital stock 555,000
Retained earnings  120,000
Total equities $900,000

99. If Goebel Company acquired a 20% interest in Dobbs Company on December 31, 2012 for $195,000 and the fair value method of accounting for the investment were used, the amount of the debit to Equity Investments (Dobbs) would have been
a. $135,000.
b. $111,000.
c. $195,000.
d. $180,000.

100. If Goebel Company acquired a 30% interest in Dobbs Company on December 31, 2012 for $225,000 and the equity method of accounting for the investment were used, the amount of the debit to Equity Investments (Dobbs) would have been
a. $285,000.
b. $225,000.
c. $180,000.
d. $202,500.

101. If Goebel Company acquired a 20% interest in Dobbs Company on December 31, 2011 for $135,000 and during 2013 Dobbs Company had net income of $75,000 and paid a cash dividend of $30,000, applying the fair value method would give a debit balance in the Equity Investments (Dobbs) account at the end of 2013 of
a. $111,000.
b. $135,000.
c. $150,000.
d. $144,000.

102. If Goebel Company acquired a 30% interest in Dobbs Company on December 31, 2012 for $210,000 and during 2013 Dobbs Company had net income of $75,000 and paid a cash dividend of $30,000, applying the equity method would give a debit balance in the Equity Investments (Dobbs) account at the end of 2013 of
a. $210,000.
b. $223,500.
c. $232,500.
d. $201,000.

Use the following information for questions 103 and 104.
Blanco Company purchased 200 of the 1,000 outstanding shares of Darby Company's common stock for $600,000 on January 2, 2013. During 2013, Darby Company declared dividends of $100,000 and reported earnings for the year of $400,000.

103. If Blanco Company used the fair value method of accounting for its investment in Darby Company, its Equity Investment (Darby) account on December 31, 2013 should be
a. $580,000.
b. $660,000.
c. $600,000.
d. $680,000.

104. If Blanco Company uses the equity method of accounting for its investment in Darby Company, its Equity Investment (Darby) account at December 31, 2013 should be
a. $580,000.
b. $600,000.
c. $660,000.
d. $680,000.
Use the following information for questions 105 and 106.

Brown Corporation earns $600,000 and pays cash dividends of $200,000 during 2012. Dexter Corporation owns 3,000 of the 10,000 outstanding shares of Brown.

105. What amount should Dexter show in the investment account at December 31, 2012 if the beginning of the year balance in the account was $800,000?
a. $980,000.
b. $800,000.
c. $920,000.
d. $1,200,000.



106. How much investment income should Dexter report in 2012?
a. $200,000.
b. $180,000.
c. $120,000.
d. $600,000.

107. Myers Co. acquired a 60% interest in Gannon Corp. on December 31, 2012 for $1,260,000. During 2013, Gannon had net income of $800,000 and paid cash dividends of $200,000. At December 31, 2013, the balance in the investment account should be
a. $1,260,000.
b. $1,740,000.
c. $1,620,000.
d. $1,860,000.

Use the following information for questions 108 and 109.

Tracy Co. owns 4,000 of the 10,000 outstanding shares of Penn Corp. common stock. During 2013, Penn earns $360,000 and pays cash dividends of $120,000.

108. If the beginning balance in the investment account was $720,000, the balance at December 31, 2013 should be
a. $720,000.
b. $816,000.
c. $864,000.
d. $960,000.

109. Tracy should report investment revenue for 2013 of
a. $48,000.
b. $96,000.
c. $120,000.
d. $144,000.

110. The following information relates to Windom Company for 2013:
Realized gain on sale of available-for-sale securities $30,000
Unrealized holding gains arising during the period on
available-for-sale securities 70,000
Reclassification adjustment for gains included in net income 20,000
Windom’s 2013 other comprehensive income is
a. $50,000.
b. $80,000.
c. $100,000.
d. $120,000.

MULTIPLE CHOICE—CPA Adapted

111. On October 1, 2012, Wenn Co. purchased 800 of the $1,000 face value, 8% bonds of Loy, Inc., for $936,000, including accrued interest of $16,000. The bonds, which mature on January 1, 2019, pay interest semiannually on January 1 and July 1. Wenn used the straight-line method of amortization and appropriately recorded the bonds as available-for-sale. On Wenn's December 31, 2013 balance sheet, the carrying value of the bonds is
a. $920,000.
b. $912,000.
c. $908,800.
d. $896,000.

112. Valet Corp. began operations in 2013. An analysis of Valet’s equity securities portfolio acquired in 2013 shows the following totals at December 31, 2013 for trading and available-for-sale securities:
Trading Available-for-Sale
Securities Securities
Aggregate cost $90,000 $110,000
Aggregate fair value 70,000 95,000
What amount should Valet report in its 2013 income statement for unrealized holding loss?
a. $35,000.
b. $5,000.
c. $15,000.
d. $20,000.

113. At December 31, 2013, Jeter Corp. had the following equity securities that were purchased during 2013, its first year of operation:
Fair Unrealized
  Cost   Value Gain (Loss)
Trading Securities:
Security A $  95,000 $  60,000 $(35,000)
B    15,000    20,000     5,000
Totals $110,000 $  80,000 $(30,000)

Available-for-Sale Securities:
Security Y $  70,000 $  80,000 $ 10,000
Z    85,000    55,000   (30,000)
Totals $155,000 $135,000 $(20,000)
All market declines are considered temporary. Fair value adjustments at December 31, 2013 should be established with a corresponding charge against
Income Stockholders’ Equity
a. $50,000 $    0
b. $35,000 $30,000
c. $30,000 $20,000
d. $30,000 $    0

114. On December 29, 2013, James Co. sold an equity security that had been purchased on January 4, 2012. James owned no other equity securities. An unrealized holding loss was reported in the 2012 income statement. A realized gain was reported in the 2013 income statement. Was the equity security classified as available-for-sale and did its 2012 market price decline exceed its 2013 market price recovery?
2012 Market Price
Decline Exceeded 2013
Available-for-Sale Market Price Recovery
a. Yes Yes
b. Yes No
c. No Yes
d. No No

Use the following information for questions 115 through 117.

Rich, Inc. acquired 30% of Doane Corp.'s voting stock on January 1, 2012 for $600,000. During 2012, Doane earned $240,000 and paid dividends of $150,000. Rich's 30% interest in Doane gives Rich the ability to exercise significant influence over Doane's operating and financial policies. During 2013, Doane earned $300,000 and paid dividends of $90,000 on April 1 and $90,000 on October 1. On July 1, 2013, Rich sold half of its stock in Doane for $396,000 cash.

115. Before income taxes, what amount should Rich include in its 2012 income statement as a result of the investment?
a. $240,000.
b. $150,000.
c. $72,000.
d. $45,000.

116. The carrying amount of this investment in Rich's December 31, 2012 balance sheet should be
a. $600,000.
b. $627,000.
c. $672,000.
d. $690,000.

117. What should be the gain on sale of this investment in Rich's 2013 income statement?
a. $96,000.
b. $82,500.
c. $73,500.
d. $60,000.



118. On January 1, 2013, Reston Co. purchased 25% of Ace Corp.'s common stock; no goodwill resulted from the purchase. Reston appropriately carries this investment at equity and the balance in Reston’s investment account was $960,000 at December 31, 2013. Ace reported net income of $600,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013, and paid common stock dividends totaling $240,000 during 2013. How much did Reston pay for its 25% interest in Ace?
a. $870,000.
b. $1,020,000.
c. $1,050,000.
d. $1,170,000.

119. On December 31, 2012, Patel Co. purchased equity securities as trading securities. Pertinent data are as follows:
Fair Value
Security   Cost At 12/31/13
A $132,000 $117,000
B 168,000 186,000
C 288,000 268,000
On December 31, 2013, Patel transferred its investment in security C from trading to available-for-sale because Patel intends to retain security C as a long-term investment. What total amount of gain or loss on its securities should be included in Patel's income statement for the year ended December 31, 2013?
a. $3,000 gain.
b. $17,000 loss.
c. $20,000 loss.
d. $35,000 loss.


EXERCISES

Ex. 17-120—Investment in debt securities at premium.
On April 1, 2012, West Co. purchased $320,000 of 6% bonds for $332,600 plus accrued interest as an available-for-sale security. Interest is paid on July 1 and January 1 and the bonds mature on July 1, 2017.

Instructions
(a) Prepare the journal entry on April 1, 2012.
(b) The bonds are sold on November 1, 2013 at 103 plus accrued interest. Amortization was recorded when interest was received by the straight-line method (by months and round to the nearest dollar). Prepare all entries required to properly record the sale.





Ex. 17-121—Investment in debt securities at a discount.
On May 1, 2012, Kirmer Corp. purchased $600,000 of 12% bonds, interest payable on January 1 and July 1, for $562,600 plus accrued interest. The bonds mature on January 1, 2018. Amortization is recorded when interest is received by the straight-line method (by months and round to the nearest dollar). (Assume bonds are available for sale.)

Instructions
(a) Prepare the entry for May 1, 2012.
(b) The bonds are sold on August 1, 2013 for $565,000 plus accrued interest. Prepare all entries required to properly record the sale.


Ex. 17-122—Investments in equity securities.
Presented below are unrelated cases involving investments in equity securities.

Case I. The fair value of the trading securities at the end of last year was 30% below original cost, and this was properly reflected in the accounts. At the end of the current year, the fair value has increased to 20% above cost.

Case II. The fair value of an available-for-sale security has declined to less than forty percent of the original cost. The decline in value is considered to be other than temporary.

Case III. An equity security, whose fair value is now less than cost, is classified as trading but is reclassified as available-for-sale.

Instructions
Indicate the accounting required for each case separately.




Ex. 17-123—Investment in equity securities.
Agee Corp. acquired a 30% interest in Trent Co. on January 1, 2013, for $500,000. At that time, Trent had 1,000,000 shares of its $1 par common stock issued and outstanding. During 2013, Trent paid cash dividends of $160,000 and thereafter declared and issued a 5% common stock dividend when the fair value was $2 per share. Trent's net income for 2013 was $360,000. What is the balance in Agee’s equity investment account at the end of 2013?



Ex. 17-124—Fair value and equity methods. (Essay)
Compare the fair value and equity methods of accounting for investments in stocks subsequent to acquisition.




Ex. 17-125—Fair value and equity methods.
Fill in the dollar changes caused in the Investment account and Dividend Revenue or Investment Revenue account by each of the following transactions, assuming Crane Company uses (a) the fair value method and (b) the equity method for accounting for its investments in Hudson Company.
(a) Fair Value Method     (b) Equity Method
Investment Dividend Investment Investment
Transaction Account Revenue Account  Revenue
———————————————————————————————————————————
1. At the beginning of Year 1, Crane bought 40% of Hudson's common stock at its book value. Total book value of all Hudson's common stock was $800,000 on this date.
———————————————————————————————————————————
2. During Year 1, Hudson reported $60,000 of net income and paid $30,000 of dividends.
———————————————————————————————————————————
3. During Year 2, Hudson reported $30,000 of net income and paid $40,000 of dividends.
———————————————————————————————————————————
4. During Year 3, Hudson reported a net loss of $10,000 and paid $5,000 of dividends.
———————————————————————————————————————————
5. Indicate the Year 3 ending balance in the Investment account, and cumulative totals for Years 1, 2, and 3 for dividend revenue and investment revenue.
———————————————————————————————————————————
—————————————————————————————————

Ex. 17-126—Comprehensive income calculation.
The following information is available for Irwin Company for 2013:
Net Income $120,000
Realized gain on sale of available-for-sale securities 10,000
Unrealized holding gain arising during the period on
available-for-sale securities 29,000
Reclassification adjustment for gains included in net
income 8,000

Instructions
(1) Determine other comprehensive income for 2013.
(2) Compute comprehensive income for 2013.


*Ex. 17-127—Fair value hedge.
On January 2, 2013, Tylor Co. issued a 4-year, $750,000 note at 6% fixed interest, interest payable semiannually. Tylor now wants to change the note to a variable rate note. As a result, on January 2, 2013, Tylor Co. enters into an interest rate swap where it agrees to receive 6% fixed and pay LIBOR of 5.6% for the first 6 months on $750,000. At each 6-month period, the variable interest rate will be reset. The variable rate is reset to 6.6% on June 30, 2013.

Instructions
(a) Compute the net interest expense to be reported for this note and related swap transaction as of June 30, 2013.
(b) Compute the net interest expense to be reported for this note and related swap transaction as of December 31, 2013.

*Ex. 17-128—Cash flow hedge.
On January 2, 2012, Sloan Company issued a 5-year, $6,000,000 note at LIBOR with interest paid annually. The variable rate is reset at the end of each year. The LIBOR rate for the first year is 6.8%

Sloan Company decides it prefers fixed-rate financing and wants to lock in a rate of 6%. As a result, Sloan enters into an interest rate swap to pay 7% fixed and receive LIBOR based on $8 million. The variable rate is reset to 7.4% on January 2, 2013.

Instructions
(a) Compute the net interest expense to be reported for this note and related swap transactions as of December 31, 2012.
(b) Compute the net interest expense to be reported for this note and related swap transactions as of December 31, 2013.



PROBLEMS

Pr. 17-129—Trading equity securities.
Korman Company has the following securities in its portfolio of trading securities on December 31, 2012:
  Cost Fair Value
5,000 shares of Thomas Corp., Common $159,000 $139,000
10,000 shares of Gant, Common  182,000  190,000
$341,000 $329,000

All of the securities had been purchased in 2012. In 2013, Korman completed the following securities transactions:
March 1 Sold 5,000 shares of Thomas Corp., Common @ $31 less fees of $1,500.
April 1 Bought 600 shares of Werth Stores, Common @ $45 plus fees of $550.

Pr. 17-129  (cont.)
The Korman Company portfolio of trading securities appeared as follows on December 31, 2013:
  Cost Fair Value
10,000 shares of Gant, Common $182,000 $195,500
600 shares of Werth Stores, Common    27,550    25,500
$209,550 $221,000

Instructions
Prepare the general journal entries for Korman Company for:
(a) the 2012 adjusting entry.
(b) the sale of the Thomas Corp. stock.
(c) the purchase of the Werth Stores' stock.
(d) the 2013 adjusting entry.



Pr. 17-130—Trading equity securities.
Perez Company began operations in 2011. Since then, it has reported the following gains and losses for its investments in trading securities on the income statement:

   2011    2012    2013
Gains (losses) from sale of trading securities $ 15,000 $(20,000) $ 14,000
Unrealized holding losses on valuation of trading securities (25,000) (20,000)
Unrealized holding gain on valuation of trading securities 10,000

At January 1, 2014, Perez owned the following trading securities:
  Cost
BKD Common (15,000 shares) $450,000
LRF Preferred (2,000 shares) 210,000
Drake Convertible bonds (100 bonds) 115,000

Pr. 17-130  (cont.)
During 2014, the following events occurred:
1. Sold 5,000 shares of BKD for $170,000.
2. Acquired 1,000 shares of Horton Common for $40 per share. Brokerage commissions totaled $1,000.

At 12/31/14, the fair values for Perez's trading securities were:
BKD Common, $28 per share
LRF Preferred, $110 per share
Drake Bonds, $1,020 per bond
Horton Common, $45 per share

Instructions
(a) Prepare a schedule which shows the balance in the Fair Value Adjustment (trading) account at December 31, 2013 (after the adjusting entry for 2013 is made).
(b) Prepare a schedule which shows the aggregate cost and fair values for Perez's trading securities portfolio at 12/31/14.
(c) Prepare the necessary adjusting entry based upon your analysis in (b) above.

Pr. 17-131—Available-for-sale equity securities.
During the course of your examination of the financial statements of Doppler Corporation for the year ended December 31, 2013, you found a new account, "Investments." Your examination revealed that during 2013, Doppler began a program of investments, and all investment-related transactions were entered in this account. Your analysis of this account for 2013 follows:
Doppler Corporation
Analysis of Investments
For the Year Ended December 31, 2013
Date—2013   Debit  Credit
(a)
Harmon Company Common Stock
Feb. 14 Purchased 4,000 shares @ $55 per share. $220,000
July 26 Received 400 shares of Harmon Company common stock
as a stock dividend. (Memorandum entry in general ledger.)
Sept. 28 Sold the 400 shares of Harmon Company common stock
received July 26 @ $65 per share. $28,000
(b)
  Debit  Credit
Taber Inc., Common Stock
Apr. 30 Purchased 20,000 shares @ $40 per share. $800,000
Oct. 28 Received dividend of $1.20 per share. $24,000

Additional information:
1. The fair value for each security as of the 2013 date of each transaction follow:
Security Feb. 14 Apr. 30 July 26 Sept. 28 Dec. 31
Harmon Co. $55 $62 $70 $74
Taber Inc. $40 33
Doppler Corp. 25 28 30 33 35

2. All of the investments of Doppler are nominal in respect to percentage of ownership (5% or less).

3. Each investment is considered by Doppler’s management to be available-for-sale.

Instructions
(1) Prepare any necessary correcting journal entries related to investments (a) and (b).
(2) Prepare the entry, if necessary, to record the proper valuation of the available-for-sale equity security portfolio as of December 31, 2013.



*Pr. 17-132—Derivative financial instrument.
Hummel Co. purchased a put option on Olney common shares on July 7, 2012, for $100. The put option is for 200 shares, and the strike price is $30. The option expires on January 31, 2013. The following data are available with respect to the put option:

Date Market Price of Olney Shares Time Value of Put Option
September 30, 2012 $32 per share $55
December 31, 2012 $31 per share 21
January 31, 2013 $33 per share 0

Instructions
Prepare the journal entries for Hummel Co. for the following dates:
(a) July 7, 2012—Investment in put option on Olney shares.
(b) September 30, 2012— Hummel prepares financial statements.
(c) December 31, 2012— Hummel prepares financial statements.
(d) January 31, 2013—Put option expires.



*Pr. 17-133—Free-standing derivative.
Welch Co. purchased a put option on Reese common shares on July 7, 2013, for $215. The put option is for 300 shares, and the strike price is $51. The option expires on July 31, 2013. The following data are available with respect to the put option:

Date Market Price of Reese Shares Time Value of Put Option
March 31, 2013 $47 per share $120
June 30, 2013 $50 per share 56
July 6, 2013 $46 per share 16


*Pr. 17-133  (cont.)

Instructions
Prepare the journal entries for Welch Co. for the following dates:
(a) January 7, 2013—Investment in put option on Reese shares.
(c) March 31, 2013— Welch prepares financial statements.
(d) June 30, 2013— Welch prepares financial statements.
(e) July 6, 2013— Welch settles the call option on the Reese shares.